Know the different types of schools in the education system
1.1 There are two types of schools:
Independent schools which rely on fees, have their own entrance exams and follow their own curriculum. Types of Independent Schools:
Independent Grammar School
State schools are run by the government, receive funding and have a set curriculum: Types of State Schools:
1.2 Independent schools rely on fees and money from investments they don’t receive government funding. They will have an entrance exam and they also devise their own curriculum framework. Independent schools have different stages of learning framework, meaning pupils will have to attend for longer, until the age of eighteen.
Government funded schools are on a budget from local council funds. They follow the National curriculum framework and are regulated by Ofsted. Children remain in education until eighteen unless they are in fulltime employment if so they may leave at sixteen.
Know how schools are organised in terms of roles and responsibilities
a) School Governor- Responsible for ensuring that the schools system is run to promote pupils achievements. Responsible for finance of the school and may be involved in devising the curriculum.
b) Head Teacher- Main responsibilities include being accountable to the governing body for progress of the school. Head Teacher is responsible for managing staff, pupils and school as a whole. c) Deputy Head- Deputy Head is to work alongside the head teacher and ensure running of the school is up to standard. May have to teach in cases of absence. d) Teachers- Role is to deliver education within the school setting and it is their responsibility to identify the individual needs with pupils within their class. e) Teaching Assistant- Refer to job reference
f) Secretary- Refer to job reference
g) Caretaker- . Refer to job reference.
h) Supervisory Assistant- Refer to job reference
2.2 External professionals who may work in schools are:
a) Speech and Language Therapist- Speech and language therapists work closely with pupils who have various levels of speech, language and communication problems. Advising and implementing treatment programmes and training other professionals in therapy delivery. b) School Nurse- A school nurse works in partnership with the school to create an environment that promotes healthy living, as well as responding to the needs of individual children, coordinating immunisation programmes. They also provide training for school-based staff to support children with healthcare needs, such as asthma, diabetes or epilepsy, and contributing to personal, social and health education (PSHE) curriculum.
c) Education Welfare Officer- Social workers employed in an educational setting is known as education welfare officers (EWOs) or education social workers. They work with the whole family, dealing with problems and addressing the issues that may prevent children from attending school. The focus of the work is to help clients to get the most out of their education. d) Educational Psychologist- An educational psychologist is concerned with helping children or young people who are experiencing problems within an educational setting with the aim of enhancing their learning. Challenges may include social or emotional problems or learning difficulties. Work is with individual clients or groups; advising teachers, parents, social workers and other professionals. They are developing and applying effective interventions to promote psychological wellbeing, social, emotional and behavioural development and to raise educational standards.
Understand how schools uphold their aims and values
a) The meaning of aims is to set a target or a goal to achieve those target and / or goals....