Unit 025 Outcome 5

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1. Explain different types of bullying and the potential effects on children and young people

Physical (Pushing, kicking, hitting, biting, poking, choking, slapping or pinching)

Physical bullying can happen to any age of person whether it is children, young adults, adults or elderly people. Physical bullying can be anything that has physical contact between one individual to another and any form of violence or threats. The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be:

- Poor academic achievement.
- Children/young people scared of walking to and from school. - Attempt suicide.
- A child becomes withdrawn, lacks confidence and starts to stammer. - The child becomes distressed, anxious or depressed.
- The child crying more (maybe at bed times or when alone) or suffers nightmares. - Loss of appetite.
- The child suffers bruising, cuts, scratches etc.

Verbal (name-calling, insults, sarcasm, spreading rumours, persistent teasing)

This is usually done to somebody that is known to them or has contact with via friends or others. Verbal bullying is when somebody says something that is hurtful to another person to cause deliberate upset. It is important to note that verbal bullying can be mistaken for teasing. Verbal bullying is not teasing. Teasing is only when two people find it funny and are having fun. The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be:

- They show aggressive tendencies
- They might turn their anger inward becoming self destructive - Delayed development.
- Become depressed or anxious.
- Low self esteem
- Lacks confidence.
- A child becomes withdrawn and isolated.

Emotional (excluding, tormenting, ridicule, humiliation).

This is usually done by somebody that is known to you or you have contact with via friends or others. When they verbally tell you things that make you feel bad about yourself, this can be by putting you down or making you scared. This may be done on purpose or without realising that they are doing or saying. The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be:

- Blaming yourself
- Depression
- Self harming
- Feeling or being physically ill
- Developing phobias
- Induce fear/scared
- Lack confidence
- Mental health problems in children
- Over eating (comfort food)
- Not wanting to go to school (clingy to people that are close to them) - A child becomes withdrawn and isolated

Cyber (the use of information and communication technology, particularly mobile phones and the internet, deliberately to upset someone).

When a person or a group of people that might be known or unknown to them communicates using ICT (e-mails, social networking sites, chat rooms etc) or mobile phones (text messages) and sets out deliberately to upset them by making threatening, nasty or untrue comments about the person that is being bullied. The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be:

- Depression.
- Unhappy (suicidal)
- Low self-esteem
- Self harming.
- Lack of confidence
- A child becomes withdrawn and isolated.
Physical, emotional, verbally and cyber bullying can have the same potential effects on children and young people.

2. Outline the policies and procedures that should be followed in response to concerns or evidence of bullying and explain the reasons why they are in place

Equal Opportunities

This is in place to ensure that children and staff recognise that discrimination on the foundation of colour, culture, origin, sex or ability is not acceptable and to ensure that all staff feel valued, supported and have the appropriate advice and encouragement for professional development. Children are to be seen as an individual and each child‘s education is to be developed in relation to their needs and abilities.

Safeguarding

To ensure that children and parents feel safe when they visit the setting and that they receive the appropriate...
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