Understand Playwork Priciples

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11. Understand the role of and need for play.
1.1 Children and young people play naturally, it comes from within. It happens at any time. The fun occurs during play. Children learn through play experiences. Learning through play will teach or can teach children specific skills that they will benefit from later in life. The playwork principles state that: "All children and young people need to play. The impulse to play is innate. Play is biological, psychological and social necessity, and is fundamental to the healthy development and well being of individuals and communities." "Play is a process that is freely chosen, personally directed and intrinsically motivated. That is, children and young people determine and control the content and intent of their play, by following their own instincts, ideas and interests in their own way and for their own." 1.2 It is important that children are able to play as stated above they learn through their play. They discover new things, deal with different aspects that occur and find ways to solve solutions to any problems that arise. Article 31 of the Convention on the Rights of Children states that ‘children have the right to relax and play, and to join in a wide range of cultural, artistic and other recreational activities’. Children can understand the importance of ‘health and well- being’ by playing outdoors, learning through healthy cooking activities etc. At WOASC children have the freedom to choose their play. It is not imposed and not interrupted by adults unless requested by children.

The range of play types that are commonly accepted are: SPICE Social - Social play – creating opportunities for intense personal interaction where there is an understanding. E.g. snooker, pool and monopoly. Physical – rough and tumble play – this enables the children to discover their physical flexibility. E.g. play fighting, wrestling and chasing each other. Intellectual – social play, Imaginative play and communication...
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