Understand How to Support Positive Outcomes for Children and Young People

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Assignment 309

Task A

A playworkers job is to create a stimulating environment for play and give the children the opportunity to have a wide range of play experiences. Every child is different so each child will respond in different ways to play, whereas some children may like doing the same thing for a long time, others may want to change what they are playing with after a short length of time. Some children may not like certain activities or toys so it is important to be flexible when planning the activities so that the children can develop their own interests, for example one child might love going outside to play with the balls, whereas another child may like to stay inside and play in the sand.

Children benefit a lot from being able to develop play in their own way such as, they can express themselves, gives children a choice to be creative, helps children explore materials, build children’s confidence, Helps children become independent, encourages children with decision making and problem solving. Play helps children to use their creativity while developing their imagination, physical and emotional strengths. Play allows children to explore the world the way they want, maybe sometimes facing their fears or practising adult’s roles usually by the people who care for them. As the children explore the world in their own way they will gain confidence they need to face future challenges. There are four types of play, imagination play which can develop social skills and lets the children express themselves, Construction play helps with creative and social skills as they are talking about what they make or create, Creative play which helps children develop fine and gross motor skills expressing themselves through music and dance, physical play results in better eating and sleeping patterns and a healthy lifestyle, it also helps with developing self-confidence and fine and gross motor skills.

Psychological play is meant by children using their imagination where play has its agreed rules which exist in the real world do not apply but the play is still based on reality, also using play which rearranges the world in the child’s way, but unlikely to occur. When children use different toys during play they can develop skills, such as putting a square block in a square hole, recognising numbers on objects or counting objects, looking at different colours naming them or matching them, learning to fit a jigsaw puzzle together maybe getting help from others, learning to connect thing to together by using a range of construction and building materials.

Sociological play is meant by children playing with other children, making friends or working together in groups with different children and communicating with different children using words or gestures. Also children playing rough less to do with fighting and more to do with touching, tickling and physical contact.

Biological is meant by children taking part in physical activities such as playing sports, playground games, dancing or riding a bike. Some of these activities children use balance and co-ordination such as riding a bike. Children are encouraged to have an active life style so it can help them keep fit and healthy.

Freely chosen play is where a child can freely choose the toys they want to play with and when they want to play it, for example draws or low cupboards so children can access any toys they would like. This enables children to develop their imagination, creative and problem solving that are important so that the children can become secure and confident in their environment.

Personal directed is when a child uses a toy the way they would like to use it and not being told by a worker or another child how to play with this toy for example a worker might tell a child to bounce the ball but the child may want to throw the ball, where as another child may want to kick the ball, this shows that each child has a personal preference when...
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