Types of Teams in Contemporary Organizations

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Introduction
We can define team as a group of individuals who are working together (not necessarily present physically at a common place) to achieve a common goal and thereby benefits for an organization through collaborative decision making. The successful team cannot be established until they have clear vision (Lewis, 2006) . According to Hackman following are the characteristics of a team: 1.Characteristics.

2. Shared goal.
3.Interdependence among members.
4.Identifiable membership.
Literature review
In order to get maximum output from employees, teams are being made in the organization. There are different types of teams. Depending on the needs of an organization, teams are being configured to get the success. Broadly we can classify teams under following categories which are: 1.Problem-solving teams.

2.Self-managed work teams.
3.Cross functional teams.
4.Virtual teams.
It all depends on the different departments of an organization that what type of teams they want to have. For example the consultancy firms generally comprise off problem-solving teams. As team contains interdependent members, who share common goal and who contribute to each other in a large organization, therefore the success of a team depends on team’s internal and external dynamics (Bang, 2004). Internal dynamics is the internal activities that happen inside the team or among team mates. Good relations between the team mates will result to better productivity. If there are conflicts occur within the team then it will effect the productivity and efficiency of team in negative way. Now I am going to discuss how these teams are made.

Basically team making is dynamic process and successfully construction of team depends on the size of an organization and number of members in the team. Generally, team-building is a five stage process. First stage of team building is called as start-up stage or forming stage. In this stage the organization describes the nature of the team,...
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