Traditional Saree Weaving in Betgeri-Gadag Cluster of Karnataka

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TRADITIONAL SAREE WEAVING IN BETGERI-GADAG CLUSTER OF KARNATAKA Pramod Kakkanavar
Technical Asst. (R&S),DCTSC,Dharwad.
M.R.Itagi
Scientist-C, DCTSC,Dharwad.
Dr.P.M.Damodara Rao
Scientist-C, SCTH/CSTRI/Central silk Board, Bangalore.
Dr.G.S.Nadiger,
Ex. Director (Laboratories), The Textile Committee, Mumbai.
This paper reports on various problems and present condition of Powerloom weavers of Betgeri-Gadag. The time series analysis of production, SWOT analysis of the cluster and annual transaction of the cluster has been studied in detail. Introduction

Gadag is a city in Karnataka state in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Gadag District. Gadag and its sister city Betageri (or Betgeri) have a combined city administration, and the municipality of Gadag-Betageri has a population of 1,54,849 and an area of 54.56 km². As of 2001 India Gadag-Betgeri had a population of 154,849. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Gadag-Betageri has an average literacy rate of 71%; male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 64%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Gadag has become the district head quarters since 1997. Gadag consists of five taluks namely Gadag-Betageri, Ron, Shirhatti, Naragund and Mundargi Since last two centuries Gadag-Betgeri area is famous for its weaving and fabric producing activities. Betgeri is famous for its good quality mercerized cotton and silk sarees with famous Gadi Dadi–Border and Red colour Tope Theni Pallow like famous ILKAL sarees.

This region of North Karnataka has lot of weaving activities to the extent of 20 thousand people are engaged in this profession. Saree weaving looms which are presently installed in the cluster are from the loom manufacturer of M/S Ganga,Venkateswara,Sutex,Gwalier,Ganesh,Swastik etc.

Survey of Powerloom Units in Gadag cluster of Operation

Cluster Area
Powerloom UnitsPlain PowerloomSemi auto loomAuto loomRapier loomTotal looms Betgeri-Gadag3721790151131819

Survey on Details of working Spinning mills of Gadag District Sl. NoName of the Spinning
MillSpindle CapacityCount producedProduction Capacity Per Month

1

Gadag Co-op Spinning Mill Hulakoti
26000

OE- 10s to 60s
RP- 20s, 24s,
30s, 32s, 34s, 40s
60s to 90s combed
60s 40s Carded.
2 Lacks Kgs

2

Farmers Co-op Spinning Mill Hulakoti25000

60s 90s Combed
60s 40s Carded75000 Kgs

3Someshwara Co-op Spinning Mill Laxmeshwar2496040s 60s carded 60s combed

128000 Kgs

Name Of Different Traditional Sarees
The silk cotton blended sarees are having different designs and colours to attract customer and to meet their individual taste. The different sarees produced are- Gadi-Dhadi, Chikki-Paras, Skirt –Border, Todi-Paras, Kare-Chandrakali, Chadarang-Chikki, Star saree Zig-Zag and Gomi-Cotton. The time series analysis of production

MonthMarket conditionProblem
April, May and JuneMore demand for sarees, but less productionAbsence of Expert weaver due to marriage season July,Aug. and Sept.No demand for sarees due to “Ashadamasa”Slack of market.More production in the cluster. Oct,Nov and Dec.More demand for sarees ,but less productionAbsence of Expert weaver due to festivals Jan,Feb,MarchLess salesMore production in the cluster.

Almost all the Powerloom Industrialists in this cluster have their own market throughout the year. But the problem observed by survey is the non availability of expert weaver and their frequent migrations. Hence only financially sound can stock the products during slack market duration. Almost all small and medium units are dependent on the agents and traders for their financial supports.

Value Addition
1)Embroidery: -- The art of decoration of fabric or other material with threads, wires or leather using a needle may be defined as embroidery. With the advent of sophisticated machines, embroidery is...
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