Tourism is the act of travel for the purpose of recreation and business, and the provision of services for this act. Tourists are persons who are "travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited" (official UNWTO definition). A more comprehensive definition would be that tourism is a service industry. Many countries depend heavily upon travel expenditures by foreigners as a source of taxation and as a source of income for the enterprises that sell (export) services to these travellers. Consequently the development of tourism is often a strategy employed either by a Nongovernmental organization (NGO) or a governmental agency to promote a particular region for the purpose of increasing commerce through exporting goods and services to non-locals.
Tourism may be classified into the following types:
• • • • •
Inbound international tourism: Visits to a country by nonresident of that country Outbound international tourism: Visits by the residents of a country to another country Internal tourism: Visits by residents of a country to their own Domestic tourism: Inbound international tourism + internal tourism National tourism: Internal tourists + outbound international tourism
The following are required, to make travel possible: 1. Discretionary income, i.e. money to spend on non-essentials 2. Time in which to do so. 3. Infrastructure in the form of accommodation facilities and means of transport.
Types of tourism
Health tourism & leisure travel Winter tourism Mass travel
Mass travel could not really begin to develop until two things occurred. • •
improvements in technology allowed the transport of large numbers of people in a short space of time to places of leisure interest, and greater numbers of people began to enjoy the...