The Role of Tourism in India

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The Role of Tourism in India

Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for more than twenty-four (24) hours and not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.I want to do this! What's This? Among the various service industries, tourism in India is the largest and fastest-growing in the country. It has a vast impact on the national economy and plays a major role in other aspects of the country's growth and development, especially the creation of jobs.

National Economy

1. The Ministry of Tourism in India reported in 2007 that tourism contributed 6.23 percent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). Tourism was also responsible for 8.78 percent of the country's total employment. This translated to roughly 53 million jobs and recorded earnings of approximately $10.73 billion. These positive numbers contributed to a growth rate of 24.3 percent compared to previous years.

Sector Development

2. India's booming tourism industry benefits specific sectors. Traditional crafts are being developed and promoted by the government because crafts are a key component of India's tourism.

Medical Tourism

3. The country's medical and health care community is another beneficiary of tourism. People from all over the world have discovered they can get the same quality of medical services in India at a lower cost than in other countries. Medical care in India costs 1/10 of what it is in the U.S. or UK, and the quality of service is similar. Tourists also go to India to learn about or benefit from alternative medicine. Non-Western healing techniques are still actively practiced in the country.

Future Improvements

4. As the industry grows, the Ministry of Tourism and its partners plan to explore other niche markets that can be developed. Efforts also are focusing on infrastructure development. Investments are funneled to road, airport and seaport construction and improvement. The hospitality sector and manpower training are also key targets for development.

I want to do this! What's This?

goa,india image by saps from
. In 2008, 5.37 million tourists visited India adding close to 12 million dollars in earnings to the economy, according to the India Ministry Of Tourism.


1. There are a variety of attractions across India, which cover the country's history and natural resources. The Taj Mahal located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh is a memorial built by emperor Shah Jahan for his late wives. Goa, on the western coast of India is known for its Portuguese-styled cathedrals amongst beaches such as Baga and Anjuna. Khajuraho Temples in Madhya Pradesh features the architecture of the Chandela dynasty.


2. Railways are the prominent method of transportation around India with locomotives offering routes throughout the country. City metro trains also run in a few major cities such as Delhi. Buses and rickshaws also run in most cities and are a cheaper option than railway tickets.

Safety Tips

I want to do this! What's This?
Taj Mahal image by Jono026 from
India is a country full of rich culture and traditions. In the past decade, an increasing number of people have traveled to India to explore its rich diversity. This surge in tourists is largely due to a new tourism policy of India, developed in 2002.

Development of Destinations

1. India's government has focused on developing tourist destinations by cleaning the areas around destinations and creating visitor-friendly lodging and eateries.

Diversification of Activities

2. Tourists entering India visit for different reasons. Some tourists explore the history of the...
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