B. RAIL TRANSPORT- provides examples of the specific development of a country. It competes with road transport in terms of time and distance- from city center to city center.
C. AIR TRANSPORT- their main market is the visitors who give utmost importance to speed and range. This is available in scheduled and chartered categories.
D. SEA TRANSPORT- includes 2 categories: short sea ferry transport which provides life line services and may also include inland waterway craft, cruise and hydrofoil. Geographical factors tend to determine the dependence on sea transport such as the situation in Greek mainland.
FACTORS AFFECTING THE CHOICE OF TRANSPORTATION
• Distance and Time factor
• Status and Comfort
• Safety and Utility
• Comparative price of services offered
• Geographical position and isolation
• Range of services offered
• Level of competition between services
ELEMENTS OF A TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
• THE WAY- medium of travel used.
❖ Artificial- roads and railways
❖ Natural- air and water
• THE TERMINAL- gives access to the way of the user.
• THE CARRYING UNIT- the actual transportation media- the vehicle which facilitates the movement.
• THE MOTIVE POWER- it what makes the carrying unit move.
❖ Natural Power- horse drawn carriages
❖ Steam Power- steam ships
❖ Internal combustion engine- air transport
❖ Jet propulsion- provides aircraft speed and range
ISSUES ON THE TRANSPORTATION SECTOR
• Space Regulations- entry and exit regulations of countries are mandated by law. It may be influenced by the affiliation of two countries such as colony. The concept of cabotage is the carriage on routes within the national territory of any country or its overseas territories.
• Regulation of Competition- the need of the regulation particularly in air transport is due to low barriers to entry. Cut throat competition may result to the demise of the regular transportation schedule, which is why there are restrictions to entry and exit.
• Defined as the psychological base of the tourist during his or her stay away from home.
• Becomes the core of the activities of a tourist as they proceed to interact with other services in the area.
• If the visit is more than one night, the accommodation becomes the “home” base for other pursuits and the demands made upon the accommodation will depend on the purpose of visit.
• It takes a large part of tourist expenditures amounting to 32,3 % of his total expenses.
TYPES OF ACCOMODATION
A. PAYING/ NON PAYING- the commercial provision of accommodation accounts for half of all nights spent on places like hotels, motels and guest house. The other half is spent with friends and relatives.
B. PAYING ACCOMODATION- furthered categorized as service or non service; the former is described as tasks done for the guests such as linen change and housekeeping. The latter is provided on a camp or self- catering flatlets.
C. RENTED/ OWNED- most accommodation occupied by tourists are provided on a rental basis- per night, monthly etc. Second homes and time sharing constitute the growing number sector of owned accommodation.
D. STATIC/ MOBILE- most accommodations are rooted on the ground. Camper vans, caravans, boats are examples of mobile accommodation.
CLASSIFICATION OF ACCOMODATION
• Most of the accommodation facilities, particularly hotels and resorts are categorized as standard, first class or deluxe, 3,2 or 1 star. Classifying them will be based on the following parameters:
❖ Facilities available to the tourists
❖ Services and amenities...