The Universe

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Project work
in Physics

Theme:
The Big Bang theory
(The theory of everything)
Subject of studying:

The beginning of all the surroundings

And the mysteries of our inexplicable
and amazing Universe

| | |[pic] | |Student: Mladen Juloski | |Mentor: | |School: “Yahya Kemal College”-Struga | | | | |

1.Intro

The word “Universe” and its meaning alone , represents an unimaginably enormous space , which includes everything that’s surrounding us: the galaxies ; the uncountable shining stars ; the panoramic, yet toxic clouds filled with elements we use or live with every day ; the sneaky black holes which crawl around the corner and drag everything within itself , including light; the supernova , the planets and dozens of objects and occurrences that we have yet to discover.

Subject of the research of this project work is presenting one of the many theories, and so far the most logical theory on the birth of our cosmos,also known as the “Big Bang Theory”.

My goal is to explain the famous, but yet uncertain idea of how the story of our universe began, from its first moments to today’s leftovers of that creation. Even though, this is the most rational probability, people of other beliefs, religions and contradictory scientists still despite this combination of the facts.

Methods and techniques:

In the following pages of my project work , I will use the below mentioned methods and techniques : -Method of research;
-Comparative analysis;

-Statistical Method;

2. The universe “reconstructed”

From the complete collection of researches and studies , I’ve selected to present the following phenomena of the universe:

-The birth of everything, so called the “ Big Bang Theory”

-The Expanding Universe

-Cooling down, taking a shape

-Birth of a star, Nova, Supernova , Black hole

-Timeline in our Solar System

-Earth, on the way to becoming home to living things

Taking it from the beginning, I am going to start with the “From nothing, to something”

Big Bang

The most popular theory of our universe's origin centers on a cosmic cataclysm unmatched in all of history—the big bang. This theory was born of the observation that other galaxies are moving away from our own at great speed, in all directions, as if they had all been propelled by an ancient explosive force.

Before the big bang, scientists believe, the entire vastness of the observable universe, including all of its matter and radiation, was compressed into a hot, dense mass just a few millimeters across. This nearly incomprehensible state is theorized to have existed for just a fraction of the first second of time.

Big bang proponents suggest that some 10 billion to 20 billion years ago, a massive blast allowed all the universe's known matter and energy—even space and time themselves—to spring from some ancient and...
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