There are many topics that science and religion have opposing views on and continue to debate. One of these subjects that has received a great deal of attention and has placed an enormous wedge between the two realms is the varying opinions concerning the creation of the universe. For nearly a century, scientists have explained this phenomenon with the Big Bang theory, whereas spiritual thinkers have long placed their faith in the Genesis creation account. Both submit valid arguments, however, it is ultimately up to each individual to decide which testimony to accept as truth and to consider if it is possible that both opinions could co-exist.
The Big Bang theory, conceived in the early 1920’s, states that approximately 13.7 billion years ago the universe began as an infinitely small, infinitely hot, infinitely dense singularity, which is an area of intense gravitational pressure thought to exist at the cores of black holes (Big Bang theory: An overview, 2002). Scientists believe that vacuum fluctuation created this singularity, but they are unsure where it came from and why it they appeared. Prior to this singularity, it is thought that nothing existed; not space, not time, not matter. Rather than being an intense explosion as many picture, the Big Bang theory suggests that the singularity rapidly inflated; expanded and cooled; going from very, very small and very, very hot to the size and temperature the universe is today (Big Bang theory: An overview, 2002).
The Big Bang theory has many supporters both in and apart from the field of science because there are several arguments that determine that this account is certainly feasible. The foundation for this belief is that science has undoubtedly determined that the universe has a definite beginning. Also, Hubble’s Law states that galaxies appear to be moving away from us (Big Bang theory: An overview, 2002). This presumption suggests that the universe is currently expanding and cooling and also supports the opinion of the Big Bang model of origins that it was once compacted. Another defining moment that strengthened the Big Bang theory occurred when radioastronomers Penzias and Wilson discovered a 2.725 degree Kelvin Cosmic Microwave Background radiation (CMB) in space. This find is believed to be the remnant of the very hot singularity that was the beginning of the universe. The abundance of the “light elements”, hydrogen and helium, found in the observable universe are also thought to support the Big Bang model of origins, according to scientists (Big Bang theory: An overview, 2002).
Despite the existence of various areas that may point to and support the Big Bang theory, there are also several scientific laws that this model of origins violates. One such instance is that the premise of the Big Bang theory states the universe was created out of nothing since nothing existed before the singularity. This idea, however, violates the First Law of Thermodynamics, which states that matter cannot be created nor destroyed (Strickland, 2008). The continuing formation of stars and galaxies also goes against scientific thinking that can be found in the Second Law of Thermodynamics. This law of entropy suggests that systems of change become less organized over time, which is not the theory presented by scientists concerning the universe (Steiger, 1997). Another area of conflict between the Big Bang theory and science exists as it is believed that the universe traveled faster than the speed of light during the inflationary period; however, science has conducted various studies to demonstrate that nothing can travel faster than the speed of light (Strickland, 2008). The Big Bang model of origins also has several ideas that violate the law of biogenesis, which states that all life is produced by its own kind and not from non living material (Law of biogenesis, 2010). Therefore, if the Big Bang theory is to be able to explain the origin of the universe, it must correct these...
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