October 22, 2012
The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
This paper will cover the historical significance of the Stanford-Binet intelligence scale. This scale was originally called the Binet-Simon scale. Albert Binet and Theodore Simon together created this scale. This scale was originally created for children. Intelligence testing became significant in the 21st century as it enabled mainly schools to seek out children who need academic help. However, this test was taken a step further in the 21st century by major corporations who use the Stanford-Binet intelligence scale as a major tool during the hiring process and to determine a person’s IQ. Historical Significance The field of psychology owes the” notion of intelligence to the French psychologist Alfred Binet, who developed the Binet - Simon scale together with his student Theodore Simon in 1904” (Rosati, 2004). Albert Binet and Theodore Simon believed “that in intelligence there is a fundamental faculty, the alteration or the lack of which, is of the utmost importance for practical life. This faculty is judgment, otherwise called good sense, practical sense, initiative, the faculty of adapting one's self to circumstances. A person may be a moron or an imbecile if he is lacking in judgment; but with good judgment he can never be either. Indeed the rest of the intellectual faculties seem of little importance in comparison with judgment" (Plucker, 2012). However, in 1916 the Binet-Simon intelligence test was re-named to the Stanford-Binet intelligence scale by Lewis Terman (Becker, 2003). History of Stanford-Binet In 1891, Binet began working at the Sorbonne's Laboratory of Experimental Psychology and was appointed its Director in 1894. Theodore Simon applied to do doctoral research under Binet's supervision...