The Role of a Manager

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THE ROLE OF A MANAGER

What is a manager? According to the oxford dictionary a manager is ‘a person responsible for controlling or administering an organization or group of staff’ but is that really what a manager is? (Oxford dictionaries 2011)This is because they are many different types of managers, as well as different roles each type of manager will have to perform, in order to be efficient and achieve their desired results. Also there are managers who must possess certain character traits or skills in order to command his staff under different environments and situations such as patience, determination, motivational etc. Maybe u have wondered if the manager is actually involved in the activities of the organization and if so what activities exactly? In this essay, I have conducted extensive research and will be looking at what is a manager, what is the role of a manager and what skills are required to manage. Firstly, so what is a manager? Is it a job title, an activity, an occupation or maybe it’s a profession? What I do know for sure is that a manager isn’t just what is described in the definition above, it is much more than that, so in order for us to fully understand what a manager is we must look at what the role of a manager entails but even before we can do that we must first understand the meaning of the word management. ‘Management is active, not theoretical. It is about changing behaviour and making things happen. It is about developing people, working with them, reaching objectives and achieving results.’ (Mullins, 2010:425) By learning the meaning of the word management we can understand a bit more what a manager is and what he has to do. In the quote it says a manager will need to be active meaning he will need to be practical and have a hands on approach because he has to lead by example for him not only to be respected by his employees but also to achieve his desired results of the organisation. If he was to leave the work for his subordinates to complete whilst he just sits back he will not achieve the productive potential of the organisation so they won’t be functioning at full capacity because the workers will lose respect for him and take advantage of his loose approach to managing so they will not be as productive as they can be. Now that we understand a bit more what a manger is we can also begin to comprehend the role the manager plays in the organisation. They are numerous roles a manager must be able to carry out but each manager will have different roles depending on what type of organization they are involved in. I will focus on a few generic roles most managers must be able to do as a manager of any organization. For example, In the quote above there is a mention about developing people, this is a very key role of a manager as it is his job to make sure his employees move from strength to strength because how well the employees develop themselves will depend on the way the manager manages. Apart from developing his employees, the manager must be able to measure the performance of the staff and the organization as a whole and this can only be achieved by setting targets which brings us on to another key role of the manager. The manager must not only be able set targets but must also be able to set goals for the objective of the organization and also state what needs to be done to achieve these objectives. The manager must also organize and divide the work that needs to be done and also classify them into categories so they can be done as quickly and efficiently as possible. One final important role of a manager is to be able to motivate and communicate effectively with his subordinates because if he doesn’t do so his subordinates will not conduct the task in the correct method and therefore not be able reach the goals/targets set. This brings me on to the next paragraph of what skills are needed to be a manager. Just as there are a numerous roles mangers can have depending in what...
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