The Role of United Nations

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What is the role of United Nations in ensuring human rights?

After the Second War World, the United Nations(UN) officially replaced the league of nations. At that time, human rights has risen and been regarded as the world value. Human Rights is understood as a “inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being”. In the progress in ensuring human rights, the UN has acted as a promoter and protector and his works have been notably considered from the formation of UN till now. With their efforts, the violations and oppositions of human rights have been improved significantly. However, why do we have to protect human rights?

Human rights rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled our human rights without discrimination in the aspects of social, civil, economics, political, cultural rights which are interrelated and interdependent to each other. These are the reasons why we protect human rights.

The human rights international instruments have carried the importance in ensuring human rights. First, the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights(UDHR) by the UN General Assembly marked as the first collective agreement on a body of fundamental rights and freedoms to which all persons. The UDHR protects the human rights by general prohibition of discrimination and set forth various types of rights and obligations which are represented as articles and preamble. The set forth various types included political and civil rights, economics, social and cultural rights. Second, other than the declaration, the nine core international Human Rights Treaties associated by the UN acted importantly like “ The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights” signed in 1976,” The Convention on the Rights of the Child” signed in 1990. Last, the other...
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