Human Rights Act
Human rights are rights and freedoms that belong to all individuals regardless of their nationality and citizenship. They are also important in maintaining a fair and civilized society. The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) was drafted by the nations of the Council of Europe (including the UK) in the aftermath of World War II. In October 2000, The Human Rights Act came into effect in the UK. This meant that people in the UK can defend their rights in the UK courts and that public organisations must treat everyone equally with fairness, dignity and respect. There are 16 basic rights in the Human Rights Act, all taken from the European Convention on Human Rights. The 16 articles are:-
* Right to life- protects your life by law. The state is required to investigate suspicious deaths and deaths in custody. * Right to Respect for Private Life- protects against unnecessary surveillance or intrusion into your private and family life. * The Prohibition of Torture or Degrading Treatment- You should never be tortured or treated in an inhuman or degrading way, no matter what the situation. * Protection against Slavery- You should not be treated like a slave or subjected to forced labor. * Right to Liberty and Freedom- You have the right to be free and the state can only imprison you with very good reason – for example, if you are convicted of a crime. Anyone detained by the state must be brought before a court. * Right to a Fair Trial- You are innocent until proven guilty. If accused of a crime, you have the right to hear the evidence against you, in a court of law. All trials must be fair and impartial. * Freedom of Thought, Religion And Belief- You can believe (or not believe) what you like and practice your religion or beliefs * Freedom of Assembly- You can join with others in a peaceful way to express your views and form a club or group with like-minded people. * Free speech- You have a right to speak freely and hear other people’s views without unnecessary state interference. * Right to marry- You have the right to marry and raise a family. * No discrimination- Everyone’s rights are equal. You should not be treated unfairly in exercising your rights – for example because of your gender, race, sexuality, religion or age. * Protection of property- Protects against unlawful state interference with your possessions. * Right to free elections- Elections must be free and fair. * Right to an Education- No child can be denied an education. * No punishment without law- No one can be found guilty of a crime if what they did was not a criminal offence at the time that they did it. * Abolition of the death penalty- This provision abolishes the death penalty United Nations Convention on the rights of the child
The United Nations convection on the rights of the child (UNCRC) is a legally binding international agreement setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of every child, regardless of their race, religion or abilities. In 1989, governments worldwide promised all children the same rights by adopting the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). These rights are based on what a child needs to survive, grow, participate and fulfill their potential. They apply equally to every child, regardless of who they are, or where they are from. They also decided that children needed a special convention just for them because people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. They wanted to make sure that the world recognized that children have human rights too.
The Convention sets out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. It spells out the basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The...