The New Psychology: Early Physiological and Experimental Psychology and Structuralism

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The New Psychology: Early Physiological and Experimental Psychology

And Structuralism

Psy5102-8

Dr. Kornfeld

By: Janelle Jumpp

Table of Contents

1. What do you consider to be the proper subject matter of psychology?

2. What methods should psychology use to approach the subjects it studies?

3. What do you expect will be your most lasting contribution to the field of psychology?

4. What do you consider to be an appropriate role for the field of psychology in society?

5. What particular personal challenges or characteristics, or conditions in the society and the profession of psychology had the greatest impact upon your development as a psychologist?

It is with great pleasure that I was able to talk to five of the greatest psychiatric minds William James, John Dewey, Charles Darwin, G. Stanley Hall, and Leta Stetter Hollingsworth. These five psychiatrists contribute majorly to the field of psychology. I was blessed with the chance to be able to ask each of them a question. Allowing me to see these great thinkers in their element of greatness.

I started by asking William James – born in New York city in the year of 1842, and considered the “Father of American Psychology”, graduated from Harvard’s Medical School in 1869.

I asked him what he considered to be the proper subject matter of psychology.

He responded that the proper subject matter is human behavior. The study of:

• Truth

• theory of knowledge

• pragmatism

The opposing of introspection of structuralism, the mental breakdown of the smallest elements of events, environmental behavior. The knowing of how to overlook the inevitable whether you want to or not.

The knowing that there are two major parts of the environmental behavior:

Classicism- is the effects as coarse and tawdry, and preferring the naked beauty of the optical and auditory sensations.

• Romanticism- immediate beauty.

• Purity of a sensible quality and the secondary emotions which are grafted upon.

This is the answer that he provided for me. I then moved on to asking John Dewey- born in Burlington, Vermont on October 20, 1859. Becoming an American psychologist, philosopher, educator, social critic, and political activist. He made contributions in basically every field and topic of philosophy and psychology. Also was a major inspiration for several allies movements that have shaped the twentieth century including empiricism, humanism, naturalism, contextualize, and process philosophy. The voice of liberal and progressive democracy has also shaped the destiny of America and the world for over fifty years.

I asked him what methods psychology should use to approach the subjects it studies. John Dewey answered that the approach that should be used is research. By researching the subjects that are up for study will give more accurate prognoses to the hypothesis at hand. Researching a number of people and recording the findings will give a better result.

I then spoke to Charles Darwin- the “father of evolutionary theory”, who set the foundation for the theory of evolution by natural selection. He also logged in over four thousand write-in votes during Georgia’s tenth congressional district race. Making two major contributions of enormous impact to the evolution

First, he substantially marshaled the evidence for the theory of descent modification. The kinematic theory treats non-casual relations between things and ideas and the pattern of evolution. Second, he proposed that the mechanisms observe patterns using the dynamic theory (involving mechanisms and casual relationships deals with the process of evolution).

I ask Darwin what did he expect will be his most lasting contribution to the field of psychology?

Darwin said that his most lasting contribution would be his theory of evolution. Using the theory of descent with modification...
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