The Important of Marc in Information Retrieval and Storage

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  • Topic: Library catalog, MARC standards, Library of Congress
  • Pages : 11 (3287 words )
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  • Published : April 29, 2013
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THE IMPORTANCE OF MARC IN INFORMATION RETRIEVAL AND STORAGE

TABLE OF CONTENT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT……………………………………………………….1 1.0 INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………..3 2.0 DEFINITION………………………………………………………………..4 3.0 HISTORY OF MARC………………………………………………………4 4.0 THE IMPORTANT OF MARC IN INFORMATION RETRIEVAL AND STORAGE…………………………………………………………...........5-6 4.1

4.2
5.0 INFORMATION CONTAIN IN MARC…………………………................7 5.1
5.2
6.0 MARC TERMS AND ITS DEFINITIONS…………………………...…8-10 6.1
7.0 GENERAL RULES IN MARC 21……………………………………..….11 7.1
8.0 TYPES OF INTERNATIONAL MARC…………………………….…12-13 8.1
8.2
9.0 OTHER INTERNATIONAL MARC…………………………………...…14 10.0 CONCLUSION…………………………………………………...……..15 11.0 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………..16

1.0 INTRODUCTION
Information does not exist in a vacuum but it is being used by man in the context of its surroundings. Without the correct identification, capture, organization, management, utilization and archiving or storage of information, one especially students would be hard pressed to make any decisions whether in business, personal, or governmental involve. In order to properly manage information, it is necessary to understand the way in which information will be used, by whom, and for what purpose. The value of any information is determined by the three factors of context such as the purpose of the information, the information content and user (the audience).

In information management, it is important to note that the value of information is variable. In order to arrange all the valuable information in one place, it is needed for an organization to make it standardization. As for the title ‘The importance of MARC in information retrieval and storage’ will be discussing about the using of MARC as one of the standardization method use to keep the information. Through the reading, I will briefly point out the importance of using MARC, the history of MARC, types and the using of MARC Format.

2.0 DEFINITION
MARC is the abbreviation term taking from the words Machine-Readable Cataloging. It is known as the MARC standards which consist of the MARC formats, which are exactly the standards for the representation and communication ob bibliographic and related information in machine – readable form. "Machine-readable" in MARC means that one particular type of machine, a computer, can read and interpret the data in the cataloging record, while "Cataloging" means a bibliographic recording, or recording information in a catalog card.

3.0 HISTORY OF MARC
MARC (Machine Cataloging) standards are digital formats for the description of bibliographic items developed by the US Library of Congress during the 1960s to facilitate the creation and dissemination of cataloging between libraries. The Library of Congress decided that computers were very compatible with cataloging. Their goal was to create a program that could encode all of the information needed in a cataloging record, and make that information available to any user. Originally the Library of Congress program was called LC MARC. Changes and adjustments have been made to the original MARC format to reflect changes in newer editions of AACR2, and to reflect current practices and needs in libraries.

By 1971, MARC formats had become the national standard for dissemination of bibliographic data and the international standard by 1973. There are several versions of MARC in use around the world, the most predominant being MARC 21, created in 1999 as a result of the harmonization of U.S. and Canadian MARC formats, and UNIMARC, widely used in Europe. The MARC 21 family of standards now includes formats for authority records, holdings records, classification schedules, and community information, in addition to the format for bibliographic records. The current database of MARC records that is maintained by the Library of Congress, and added to by libraries all over the country, has become a union catalog of...
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