Select a Technology from 1850 to the Present. Describe How It Has Affected Productivity.

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Since the development writing, people had adopted it as a method to record/retrieve information/data and communications with others. It was not until 1958, the term “Information Technology” first appears in an article named “Management in the 1980’s” published in Harvard Business Review. Information technology includes the process of large amount of data which has develop vigorously evaluation from 1950 to the present, especially in the past decades, and has positive impacts the productivity. As mentioned before, people relied on writing for recording data/information in the past. It was a time consuming process and required another series of work for data retrieval. Even the invention of typewriter has alleviated the pains of inputting data by writing, higher risk of human errors were still unavoidable. Moreover, sharing of information could only be made by sending hard copy, e.g. via mailing. Even the invention of telegram has improved the efficiency on information sharing, the real break-through of such barrier was the introduction of computer and the development of internet indeed, i.e. the major elements Information Technology. Information Technology is concerned with improvements in a variety of human and organizational problem-solving endeavors through the design, development, and use of technologically based systems and processes that enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of information in a variety of strategic, tactical, and operational situations. Ideally, this is accomplished through critical attention to the information needs of humans in problem-solving tasks and in the provision of technological aids, including electronic communication and computer-based systems of hardware and software and associated processes. Information technology complements and enhances traditional engineering through emphasis on the information basis for engineering. It plays a role in improving the overall value chain of an organization increase requires business...
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