ESSAY DBQ: Effects of Imperialism
AP WORLD HISTORY
Document-Based Question: Effects of Imperialism
Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying Documents 1- 13 (The documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise.) This question is designed to test your ability to work with and understand historical documents. Write an essay that: Has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with evidence from the documents. Uses all or all but one of the documents. Analyzes the documents by grouping them in as many appropriate ways as possible. Does not simply summarize the documents individually. Takes into account both the sources of the documents and the author’s points of view.
You may refer to relevant historical information not mentioned in the documents.
Question Evaluate the following statement regarding new imperialism of the late 19th and early 20th centuries: “Imperialism is a progressive force for both the oppressors and oppressed.” Make additional reference to sources to support your argument beyond the documentation that is offered. Some excerpts taken from: Teaching With Documents Copyright © 2001, Peter Pappas, www.edteck.com
DBQ EFFECTS OF IMPERIALISM
From: Imperialism and World Politics, Parker T. Moore, 1926 To begin with, there are the exporters and manufacturers of certain goods used in the colonies. The makers of cotton and iron goods have been very much interested in imperialism. Their business interests demand that colonial markets should be opened and developed and that foreign competitors should be shut out. Such aims require political control and imperialism. Finally, the most powerful of all business groups are the bankers. Banks make loans to colonies and backward countries for building railways and steamship lines. They also make loans to colonial plantation owners, importers, and exporters. The imperialist business interests have powerful allies. Military and naval leaders believe strongly in extending the white man’s rule over the ‘inferior races.’ To this company may be added another element—the missionary. Missionaries went forth to preach a kingdom beyond this world. But they often found themselves the builders of very earthly empires. Last, but by no means least, let us add politicians to our list of empire builder.
From: O.P. Austin, "Does Colonization Pay?" The Forum, 1900 Modern progressive nations lying in the temperate zone seek to control garden spots’ in the tropics [mainly in Africa, Latin America, and Asia]. Under [the progressive nations] direction, these places can yield tropical produce. In return, the progressive nations bring to the people of those garden spots the foodstuffs and manufactures they need. [Progressive nations] develop the territory by building roads, canals, railways, and telegraphs. They can establish schools and newspapers for the colonies [and] give these people the benefit of other blessings of civilization which they have not the means of creating themselves.
Political Cartoon: "Learning civilized ways is hard work"
DBQ EFFECTS OF IMPERIALISM
From: An Anthology of West African Verse, David Diop, 1957 The White Man killed my father, My father was proud. The White Man seduced my mother, My mother was beautiful. The White Man burnt my brother beneath the noonday sun, My brother was strong. His hands red with black blood The White Man turned to me; And in the Conqueror’s voice said, "Boy! a chair, a napkin, a drink.
From: Sekou Toure, West African nationalist, 1962 Colonialism’s greatest misdeed was to have tried to strip us of our responsibility in conducting our own affairs and convince us that our civilization was nothing less than savagery, thus giving us complexes which led to our being branded as irresponsible and lacking in self-confidence. . . The colonial powers had assimilated each of their...