Imperialism Notes

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Unit 5: global imperialism review sheet
Key Historical Events
* Sepoy Mutiny (Rebellion)
* The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against certain practices that violated religious customs, also known as the Sepoy mutiny * Open door policy
* It kept Chinese trade open to everyone on an equal basis * Boxer Rebellion
* Secret society of Chinese nationalists attacked foreign settlements and murdered dozens of Christian missionaries; US troops participated in an international force to crush the rebellion of the Boxers; China was forced to pay a huge sum of indemnities * Opium Wars

* A war between Great Britain and China that began in 1839 as a conflict over the opium trade and ended in 1842. The Chinese gave up Hong Kong to the British and they Chinese also opened 5 of their ports to foreign merchants. Lastly they also granted other commercial and diplomatic privileges in the treaty of Nanjing. * Berlin Conference

* A meeting between European officials in which the distribution of Africa to Europe control was decided. Sought to bring an end to the scramble for Africa. * Boer War
* Fought between 1899 and 1902 over the continued independence of the Boer republics. It resulted in British victory, but it began the process of decolonization in South America. Causes of imperialism

Political| Economical| Social|
* Basis for trade and navy ships * Power and security of the global empire * Nationalism * Promotes national superiority * They belive they had the right to take the over| * Expand the markets all around the world * Place to invest their profits * Need natural resources to run their factories * Place for growing populations to settle down | * Desire to spread Christianity * Desire to share western civilization * Belief in social Darwinism * Increase European self-confidence|

Africa
1. Europeans were interested in Africa because Europeans saw Africa as a rich...
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