Historical Process

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Jimmy castro

Unit: The Historical Process
This Unit Activity will help you meet these educational goals: Inquiry Skills—You will apply disciplinary concepts and tools; analyze societal issues, trends, and events; develop credible explanations of historical events and developments based on reasoned interpretation of evidence; gather, evaluate, and use evidence; and communicate your conclusions. 21st Century Skills—You will employ online tools for research and analysis, use critical-thinking and problem-solving skills, communicate effectively, and assess and validate information.

Introduction
For any historian, it is important to find useful resources and analyze relevant information from those sources. This activity will help you practice reading and evaluating the information presented in historical documents. In this activity, you will read two primary-source historical documents, take notes on those documents, and write a short essay about the documents based on your notes.

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Directions and Analysis
Task 1: Analyzing Historical Documents
In this activity, you will reference two primary-source historical documents: Declaration of Sentiments by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the Pearl Harbor speech by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Before you read the documents, read these instructions.

Using what you learned in this unit, examine the sources provided to answer these questions: Who authored the document?
What is the purpose of the document?
When was the document written?
What significant historical event or movement does the document represent?

You may need to do additional research to answer the above questions. If so, be sure to list any additional resources you consulted in the Resources section at the end of this document.

Read each primary-source document critically while thinking about these questions: Do you notice any exaggeration, stereotype, or emotional appeals that may hint at the author’s bias? How does the author form his or her argument?

What are the important themes, main ideas, and arguments presented in the document?

As you read, take notes on the important information in each document. Enter your notes in the tables provided below. Your notes should include summaries of each document’s key points, main ideas, and arguments. (You will need your notes to complete Task 2.)

Type your response here:

Declaration of Sentiments Notes
purpose or main idea
To tell women that they are equal as a man and not to be pushed around like a slave. author
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
date
July 19-20,1848
evidence of bias
Saying a man is taking a women’s rights and freedom
event or movement
Women’s Right Movement
other
N/A

Pearl Harbor Speech Notes
purpose or main idea
To tell us we have been attacked by Japan and we are going to fight back and not get taken over. author
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
date
December 7, 1941
evidence of bias
N/A
event or movement
Attack or Bombing of Pearl Harbor
other
N/A

Task 2: Comparing Arguments
Referring to your notes and the provided documents, write a half-page essay that describes how these two primary-source historical documents make their respective arguments. Compare and contrast the arguments presented in the documents. Make sure your essay addresses these questions: What techniques do the authors use to form their arguments?

Is there any evidence of bias or stereotypes?

Using the author-date system, make sure you provide parenthetical, in-text citations for any information you use from outside sources, including the two provided documents. When you have finished, reread your essay to check for all of the points above, and then proofread it to be sure your work does not contain errors in grammar or spelling.

Type your response here: The two sources use important events that happened and changed America. The primary scource...
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