The term Dot COM (English .com) appeared before the explosion of bubble Internet to indicate, the madness which seized the “entreprenautes” to the evocation of three sesames of the E-trade: market, customers and Internet. A synonym of E-business. 2- The Internet Bubble
The "dot-com bubble" sometimes referred to as the "I.T. bubble" was a speculative bubble covering roughly 1995–2001 with its peak on March 10, 2000 with the NASDAQ peaking at 5132.52 during which stock markets in Western countries saw their value increase rapidly from growth in the new Internet sector and related fields. The period was marked by the founding and, in many cases, spectacular failure of a group of new Internet-based companies commonly referred to as dot-coms. A combination of rapidly increasing stock prices, individual speculation in stocks, and widely available venture capital created an exuberant environment in which many of these businesses dismissed standard business models, focusing on increasing market share at the expense of the bottom line. 2- The growth of the dot.com bubble
The venture capitalists saw record-setting rises in stock valuations of dot-com companies, and therefore moved faster and with less caution than usual, choosing to mitigate the risk by starting many contenders and letting the market decide which would succeed. The low interest rates in 1998–99 helped increase the start-up capital amounts. A canonical "dot-com" company's business model relied on harnessing network effects by operating at a sustained net loss to build market share. These companies expected that they could build enough brand awareness to charge profitable rates for their services later. The motto "get big fast" reflected this strategy. During the loss period the companies relied on venture capital and especially initial public offerings of stock to pay their expenses.
4- Soaring stocks
In financial markets a stock market bubble is a self-perpetuating rise or...