The Aim of Education in Indonesia
By Daenuri Suhendar
Many people in Indonesia believe that success in education is measuring the academic values. Therefore, their efforts have focused only on how much academic value that can be achieved, we may often forget the real purpose of education that it is not to get a course of academic and other achievements. However, the purpose of education is to improve the multiple intelligence and cognitive students. In other words, a school can’t be successful if it can’t facilitate the students’ multiple intelligences and complex cognitive processes. Indonesia has not focused on the purpose of education because Indonesia is still has problem in education. Such as, Final exam is still a benchmark of successful of education, the materials which tested in the exam only cover a few subjects and a lot of teachers who have a low quality of teaching. We should quickly fix our education system and we must focus on facilitating students' multiple intelligences. What is the meaning of intelligence? Stenberg (2005) argues that intelligence is include 3 things. They are experience, cognitive processes and ability in environment adaptation. While cognitive is the process of understanding through thought. Gardner (1983-1993) defined intelligence as the ability to solve problems and produce new products in a setting that variety of situations and in real. Therefore, ability can be called intelligence if showing proficiency and skills of a person to solve problems and difficulties found in his life. Intelligence is divided into seven categories namely linguistic, logical-mathematical, visual, musical, kinesthetic, intrapersonal, interpersonal, Naturalist, and existential. If we look at to the context, Educational benchmarks in Indonesia should not be viewed only from the cognitive side because intelligence is not only about cognitive. We can take an example as happened during the final exam national. As we have seen...
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