Teen Diet and Nutrition Nutrition is important for everyone. The bottom line is, nutrition provides our bodies with energy to function. Nutrition makes major parts of the human body function and work properly, such as the brain and muscles. Nutrition also helps the body be more coordinated. Good nutrition contributes to everything that human beings do; the human body cannot function without it, and would not run well without good nutrition. Nutrition is vital for everyone but it is especially crucial for teenagers. Nutrition is especially important for teenagers because the teenage years are a critical growth period for boys and girls as they are becoming more adult like. During the teenage years, the person’s body is growing significantly and changing. The body change in many aspects and the spectrum of changes are large. From bone growth to hormonal changes the body changes in many ways. Good nutrition can help teenagers in two major aspects: Achieve optimal growth and reduce the risk of developing chronic disease such as diabetes, osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases.
Developing Healthy Dietary Patterns Most Teenagers know they should eat healthy yet when it comes down to implementing this knowledge there is no action. Many teens do not know where to begin or how much of what types of food they should consume. Health Canada is the federal government of Canada that is responsible for helping Canadian citizens maintain and improve their health. In order to carry this out and make information accessible to many people, Health Canada created The Canadian Food Guide. Canada’s Food Guide defines healthy eating and helps Canadians consume the healthy components of food that is best for the body. The Food Guide translates the science of nutrition and health into healthy eating patterns. By following Canada’s Food Guide, people will be able to meet their nutritional needs and reduce the risk of obesity and other health conditions such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, certain types of cancer and osteoporosis. By following the Food Guide many will obtain knowledge of good nutrition to feed and fuel their bodies and help them cross the bridge from knowledge to action. The guide indicates what amount of food people need and what type of food is needed in order to obtain the nutrients that the human body needs to function efficiently. The guide describes how many food guide servings you need from each of the four groups on a daily basis. The four food groups are vegetables and fruits, grain products, milk and milk alternatives and lastly meat and meat alternatives.
Having the amount and type of food recommended and following the tips in Canada’s Food Guide will help: Meet your need for vitamins, minerals and other nutrients Reduce the risk of obesity and other health conditions/diseases Contribute to your overall well-being, health and vitality The Canadian Food Guide is broken up into six categories’ and within each category is the recommended amount and type of food needed for optimal health. Bread, Cereal, Rice and Pasta 6-11 servings These foods are a part of the grain product group. They provide complex carbohydrates, which are important sources of energy; these foods also provide vitamin B, minerals and fiber. Fruits 3 servings Fruits are rich sources of vitamins, most commonly vitamin C. They are also low in fat and calories. To receive the most amounts of nutrients from fruits it is best to avoid processed fruit with heavy syrups and sugar-sweetened juices. The best choice to obtain the maximum amount of nutrients is to select fresh fruits and fruit juices and frozen, canned or dried fruits. Vegetables 3-5 servings Vegetables provide vitamins (especially A and C) and are excellent sources of fiber and they are naturally low in fat. To obtain the maximum amount of nutrients, it is best to select dark leafy greens, deep-yellow or orange vegetables and starchy vegetables like patties and yams. Milk, Yogurt, and...
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