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Hesi study

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Community Study Guide for Hesi

Population Groups across the Lifespan
Health Risks

Infants
1. Number 1 cause of injury or death is suffocation followed by MVAs, then homicide 2. Sudden infant death syndrome
3. Infection is the most significant cause of illness in infants and children Children
1. Obesity
a. Healthy people objectives have addressed youth fitness and obesity b. Obesity is defined by using BMI which is a ratio of weight and height c. Risks for childhood obesity were r/t to obesity in the parents d. Obesity rates are higher in populations such as Native Americans, Hispanic and African American groups e. Lower socioeconomic groups in urban settings have also been associated with higher rates 2. Injuries and Accidents

a. Number 1 cause of death I ages 1-24yrs
b. MVAs are the leading cause of death among children and teenagers c. Toddlers experience a large number of falls, poisonings, and MVAs d. School age children have the lowest injury death rate, however this group has difficulty jufging speed and distance, placing them at higher risk for pedestrian and bicycle accidents e. Adolescents injury accounts for 75% of all deaths and risk-taking becomes more conscious at this time especially among males f. Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death among youths b/t the ages of 15 and 24. Suicide is the 3th leading cause of death among ages 10-24. 3. Acute illness-also a significant cause of illness in children 4. Chronic health problems

a. Improved medical technology has increased the # of children surviving w/ chronic health problems b. Examples of health problems that have been improved: Down syndrome, Spina bifida, Cerebral Palsy, asthma, DM, Congenita HF, cancer, hemophilia, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and AIDS Routine immunizations have been very successful in preventing selected diseases Good nutrition is essential for healthy growth and development and influences disease prevention in later life Women

1. The women’s health movement was...