1.2 Summarise entitlement and provision for early years education. Although there are many children that start nursery, attending play groups, or interacting and playing with other children whilst being looked after by child-minders at a very young age, there are other that don’t. In England, the government entitles and provides 3 and 4 year old children with a free part time early years education of up to 12.5 hours per week for 38 weeks of the year as part of the Every Child Matters agenda and the Childcare Act 2006, in order to support families and very young children’s learning before reaching school age. The early years education is based on learning through play following the EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage ) framework.
1.3 Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance. Community schools, Foundation and Trust schools, Voluntary schools, and Specialists schools are the four main types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance. These are known as maintained schools, they are funded by local authorities and they have to follow the National Curriculum. Here are some characteristics of each of these schools:
Community schools: The local authorities own and run them. They determine the admissions policy and provide with support services which also help these schools through looking to develop links with the local community as well as develop the use of school’s facilities by sometimes providing with adult education or childcare classes delivered by local groups. Voluntary schools: There are two types of voluntary schools; voluntary-aided and voluntary-controlled. They are both mainly religious or “faith” schools and are owned by a religious organisation or charity. The voluntary-controlled schools are run and funded by the local authority which also provides support services. The voluntary-aided schools are run by their own governing body and are funded partly by the charity, governing body, and partly by the local education authority, which also provides support services. Foundation and Trust schools: Foundation schools are owned and run by their own governing body or by a charitable foundation. A Trust school, even though it is a type of foundation school, and made by the governing body in consultation with parents, will work in partnership with an outsider, such as a business, to form a charitable Trust. These schools have to buy in any support services needed. Specialists schools: These schools are usually secondary schools which receive additional government funding for applying for specialist status in order to develop one or two subject specialisms, such as Art or a SEN’s (Special Educational Needs) subject specialism in special schools for example.
1.3 Explain the post-16 options for young people and adults. The options for young people and adults once they have completed the compulsory education are many, and depending on whether learners decide to leave school and start employment or to continue with their studies. Here are some options where they could choose from:
Continue with studies:
Sixth form- offers A Level qualifications in schools or sixth form colleges. Further Education Colleges- offer many different types of courses that can help in any stage of life,, from Level 1 courses to degrees, and professional qualifications. These may be completed by doing short courses, full-time or part-time courses. Apprenticeships with an employer-offer a way to gain knowledge, skills and qualifications while earning money. Voluntary work with training towards a qualification.
University Technical Colleges- offer academic and technical education related to specific job sectors. Studio Schools- offer learning through enterprise projects and working, to develop skillls for life and work.
Leave school and start employment
Find a job that provides training.
Find a job that doesn't...
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