Tda 2.5

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CSTL 2
TDA 2.5
Schools as Organisations

1.1 Identify the main types of state and independent schools

Nursery schools
Community schools
Foundation and trust schools
Voluntary schools
Independent schools
Academies
Specialist schools
Free schools

2.1 Describe the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stages and school governance

Nursery schools provide pre-school education for children aged between 0-5 years. They are staffed by professionals who encourage and supervise educational play, rather than just provide childcare. Many primary schools have an onsite nursery. They are OFSTED (The Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills) inspected and regulated to maintain high quality provisions.

Community schools are run and owned by the LEA (Local Education Authority). They aim to develop links with and can be used by the local community, providing facilities for a variety of clubs, adult education and childcare.

Foundation and trust schools are run by their own governing body. They employ their own staff. They usually form a charitable trust with an outside partner, like a business or educational charity. The land and building are usually owned by the governing body or a charitable foundation.

Voluntary schools are mainly religious or faith schools, although any child can apply for a place. The buildings and land are normally owned by a religious organisation. They employ their own staff and set the admission criteria. Voluntary-aid school is similar but owned by the LEA.

Independent schools are privately run. They are funded from fees paid by parents and income from investments and donations. They must register with the DFE (Department for Education), and are regularly inspected by OFSTED as they do not have to follow the national curriculum.

Academies are independently managed schools. They have been set up by sponsors from independent businesses together with the DFE. They fund the land and buildings. They are not maintained by the LEA, but they have connections with it.

Specialist schools usually mean a school which has become a college. They have been given a specialist status. They have one area which they specialise in such as sport, arts, languages etc. Specialist schools can also mean schools that provide extra support for children with special educational needs, that can’t be provided in mainstream schools.

Free schools are all ability schools funded by the taxpayer. They are free to attend and are not controlled by the LEA. They can be set up by parents, teachers, charities, and businesses.

2.1 Describe roles and responsibilities of:

School governors
Senior management team
Other statutory roles e.g. SENCO
Teachers
Support staff

School governors can be anyone in the community with an interest in improving and upholding school standards. They help to provide an environment where good quality education is provided. They are volunteers, usually parents, teachers and people from the local community. They are responsible for managing the school budget, appointing the head teacher, monitoring the school’s progress and setting targets for the school’s performance. They can decide on the types and amount of staff to employ, and what equipment is required for the school.

Senior management team is usually made up of the head teacher and the deputy head, depending on the size of the school, maybe more. They are responsible for leading the whole of the school. They must make sure the school is doing the best it can for all pupils. They set and manage the strategic direction of the school and manage the day to day running of it.

Other statutory roles e.g. SENCO.
The SENCO is responsible for ensuring that the needs for children with special educational needs are met appropriately. The SENCO oversees the day to day operation of the school’s SEN policy. They must liaise with and advise teachers. They also...
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