1.2 Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) & school governance.
There are four types of mainstream schools that have to adhere to the national curriculum and are funded by the LEA (Local Education Authority). These are:
Are run by the local authority, which employs the staff and owns the building and/or the land and also decide on the admissions criteria. They promote strong links with the local community and may use the school facilities for local groups such as adult education or childcare classes.
Are run by the school governing body, who decide on the school admission policy with the local education authority. The school, buildings and the land will be owned by the governing body or a charitable foundation. A trust school which is kind of like a foundation school, which will form a charitable trust with an outside business, although the school will have to provide any additional support services which the school may require. It is up to the governing body and parents on whether the school becomes a trust school or not.
There are two types of voluntary schools, voluntary aided and voluntary controlled.
Voluntary aided schools are mainly religious or faith schools, although anyone can apply for a place their no matter what their background is. As with a foundation school, the governing body employs the staff and sets the admission criteria. They are funded partly by the governing body, partly by a charity and partly by the Local Education Authority. The governing body helps contribute for any wear and tear on the building, whereas the school building and land are owned by a charitable organisation, which will generally be of a religious background.
Voluntary controlled schools are funded and run by the Local Authority, like voluntary aided schools. The governing body employs the school’s staff and Sets the...
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