Know about the legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of children and young people including e-safety.
The concept of safeguarding, which works to protect children, has only been developed in the last 50 years. The need for improved legislation has been highlighted by high- profile cases, such as the death of Maria Colwell in 1973 and, more recently, Victoria Climbié in 2000. These cases shocked the nation and showed weakness in procedures.
Identify the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of children and young people including e-safety.
Children’s Act 1989
This act identifies the responsibilities of parents and professionals who must work to ensure the safety of a child. Two important sections focus specifically on child protection.
• Section 47 – states that the local authority has a duty to investigate when ‘they have reasonable cause to suspect that a child who lives, or is found in their area is suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm’ • Section 17 – states that services must be put in place by local authorities to ‘safeguard and promote the welfare of children within their area who are in need’.
Education Act 2002
This sets out the responsibilities of local education authorities (LEA’s), governing bodies, head teachers and all those working in schools to ensure that children are safe and free from harm.
Children Act 2004
This provides the legal framework for Every Child Matters. It includes the requirement for:
• Services to work more closely, forming an integrated service. • A ‘common’ assessment framework to help the early identification of need. • A shared database of information which is relevant to the safety and welfare of children. • Earlier support for parents who are experiencing problems
All Wales Child Protection Procedures 2008
‘Doing the basic things well keeps children safe’
The Purpose of the procedures:
The All Wales Child Protection Procedures Review Group has revised the procedures on behalf of Local Safeguarding Children Boards in Wales. The 2008 All Wales Child Protection Procedures replace the previous procedures issued in 2002.They have been updated to incorporate the important changes since they were first issued, in particular the recommendations of the Victoria Climbie Inquiry Report; the Children Act 2004; and, the accompanying guidance,Safeguarding Children: Working Together under the Children Act 2004. The All Wales Child Protection Procedures Review Group acknowledge that there will continue to be a need to respond to changes in the future and intend to issue annual updates.
The procedures are a public document, and acknowledge that members of all communities can have a vital role in alerting social services departments and the police to concerns about harm to children.
The procedures are in five parts:
Part 1 gives the context for child protection work, including the key principles that underpin professional’s work with children and families, and the definitions of abuse and neglect. Part 2 sets out what people should do if they are concerned that a child is being abused, or if they suspect that there is a risk of abuse. It is important reading for all individuals working with and caring for children and families, or with adults who may pose a risk to children. Part 3 describes the procedures to be followed when a report of child abuse or neglect has been made. Part 4 provides additional information about the management of particular types of child abuse. Part 5 contains protocols developed by the All Wales Child Protection Procedures Review Group since 2002.
Policies which safeguard
Schools must develop a range of policies which ensure the safety, security and well being of their pupils. These will set out the responsibilities of staff and the...