The table below describes the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. Development is a holistic process but each child is different and will develop in their own way and not always at the same rate as others.
| Physical Development:
| Communication and Intellectual Development:
| Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development:
| 0 – 3 years
| From birth – very little control over their bodies, movements are reflexes i.e. sucking, swallowing, grasping.From their first year babies will start to have more control – hold their head, roll over, sit up unaided, hold a rattle, put everything into their mouths and start to crawl. During their second year development and growth continues and most start to walk. They learn to control their movements and grab objects and food and start to play with toys. They will start to climb and learn to judge distances. Towards their third year, children will have lots more control as their muscles develop and their confidence grows. Feeding themselves, using a cup and showing an interest in dressing themselves, also able to grip pencils and turn pages in a book.
| Babies from birth cry to communicate and react this way to sounds. They then begin to turn their heads in the direction of sounds and use their eyes to follow others.As babies develop they enjoy attention and learn to make noises other than crying and will start to laugh. By the age of one, most understand simple words like no and yes and their own name. They will start to follow simple instructions.Between one and two years children start to pronounce words and this will then start to increase rapidly. They watch everything going on around them and recognise people.Between two to three years children recognise the difference between you, me and I and start to ask lots of questions, they won’t always get grammar right. They enjoy songs and have favourite stories.
| From birth dependant on adults for comfort...
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