Describe the Expected Pattern of Children and Young People's Development from Birth to 19 Years

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1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people's development from birth to 19 years.


Recognise mothers voice and smell

Able to cry to let everyone know they need help

Actively learning through touch, taste and hearing

Swallowing and sucking reflexes- ensuring that babies can feed and swallow milk

Rooting reflex- babies move their head to look for a nipple or teat if the cheek and mouth are touched, helping the babies to find milk

Grasp reflex- automatically putting fingers around an object that has touched palm of hand

Startle reflex- when babies hear a sudden sound or see a bright light, they move their arms outwards, and clenching their fists

Walking and standing- when babies are held upright with their feet on a firm surface, they usually make stepping movements

Falling reflex- babies will stretch out arms suddenly and clasp inwards if they feel they are falling

Babies start to develop strong bonds with primary carers

Baby stares at mother when feeding

1 month;

Maybe appearing less curled up and more relaxed, starting to settle into a pattern.

Sleeping a lot but gradually starting to spend more time awake

Cry to communicate

Babies learning about parents or carers, may stop crying when they hear their soothing voices

Babies may stop crying when picked up, but start crying when put down

Relaxing at bath time and when nappies are changed

Fleeting smiles when babies are asleep

Coos when babies are content

3 months;

Babies at 3 months are growing in height and weight

Some babies may have learned the difference between day and night and are able to sleep through the night

Babies are crying less , sleeping less during the day and being more alert

Smiling quite often, and bodies are developing; lifting head up and look about when they are put on their tummies

Excitement when it is time to be fed

Interested in their fingers and toes

Smiling back when they are seeing a smiling face

Starting to notice objects and mobiles around them

6 months;

Babies at 6 months are learning and have learned many skills, they are very alert and turn their heads to see what is happening. They enjoy playing and show it by smiling and squealing. They can now reach out and grab a toy and move it from one hand to another. They are exploring objects and materials they find interesting. Babies will start to try and communicate with you. They enjoy their food and may try to feed themselves by grabbing a spoon. They might be getting their first teeth so will be chewing on different objects.

Babies are getting stronger, they can sit up with support and are able to roll over. They can push themselves up with their hands if they lie on their fronts.

Enjoyment when simple games/songs are repeated

Arms lifting to show a parent or carer they want to be picked up

Curiosity as babies are looking to see what is happening

Babbling and laughing , and different cries according to whether the baby is tired, bored or hungry

9 months;

Trying to stay near their parent or carer

Strings of babbling

Using fingers to feed

Exploring objects using hands and mouth

Passing objects from one hand to another

Reaching over to pick up an object

Crawling or rolling

Sitting up with no support

They are learning what some key words mean, they may get excited when they hear words like drink and dinner.

1 year;

Standing up and holding onto furniture

Waving goodbye and hello

Fingers pointing to objects to draw an adults attention to them

Tuneful babbling that sounds like talking

Small objects being picked up and handled

Repetitive play as the babies enjoy doing something over and over again

Babies start to...
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