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Describe the Expected Pattern of Children and Young People's Development from Birth to 19 Years

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  • April 2012
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1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people's development from birth to 19 years.

Birth;

Recognise mothers voice and smell

Able to cry to let everyone know they need help

Actively learning through touch, taste and hearing

Swallowing and sucking reflexes- ensuring that babies can feed and swallow milk

Rooting reflex- babies move their head to look for a nipple or teat if the cheek and mouth are touched, helping the babies to find milk

Grasp reflex- automatically putting fingers around an object that has touched palm of hand

Startle reflex- when babies hear a sudden sound or see a bright light, they move their arms outwards, and clenching their fists

Walking and standing- when babies are held upright with their feet on a firm surface, they usually make stepping movements

Falling reflex- babies will stretch out arms suddenly and clasp inwards if they feel they are falling

Babies start to develop strong bonds with primary carers

Baby stares at mother when feeding

1 month;

Maybe appearing less curled up and more relaxed, starting to settle into a pattern.

Sleeping a lot but gradually starting to spend more time awake

Cry to communicate

Babies learning about parents or carers, may stop crying when they hear their soothing voices

Babies may stop crying when picked up, but start crying when put down

Relaxing at bath time and when nappies are changed

Fleeting smiles when babies are asleep

Coos when babies are content

3 months;

Babies at 3 months are growing in height and weight

Some babies may have learned the difference between day and night and are able to sleep through the night

Babies are crying less , sleeping less during the day and being more alert

Smiling quite often, and bodies are developing; lifting head up and look about when they are put on their tummies

Excitement...