Strategies to mitigate climate change in a sustainable development framework
Author –(1)Prof.Maneesh Soni (Asst.Professor - renaissance college of commerce an management) & (2) Prof. Shraddha mishra (lecturer –Commerce-renaissance college of commerce and management)
Strategies that mitigate climate change resulting from increasing concentration of greenhouse gas emissions while promoting sustainable and equitable development are needed to be taken rapidly and immediately by countries world-wide. Choice of strategies that are sensitive to regional and national needs is a major challenge because of diversities in responsibility and obligations and developmental needs in the world. However, large number of tools and techniques available which can assist countries and regions to determine such strategies. They will need to be continuously adapted so as to overcome the numerous barriers and threats that remain in implementing actions to mitigate for climate change. To ensure sustainable development for the vast majority in the world, local management of resources is crucial. Grim descriptions of the long‐term consequences of climate change have given the impression that the climate impacts from greenhouse gases threaten long-term economic growth. However, the impact of climate change on the global economy is likely to be quite small over the next 50 years. Severe impacts even by the end of the century are unlikely. The greatest threat that climate change poses to long‐term economic growth is from potentially excessive near‐term mitigation efforts.
1. Introduction - The consensus among scientists world-wide that global climate instability may occur if the current rate of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is not reduced is strong enough for taken national and international actions. This view has been confirmed by United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC,1992,2008,2009), and they have called for rapid and immediate actions. Continued GHG emissions on its current accumulated stock so increasing the concentration will result in warming of the earth leading to unprecedented rise in global temperatures. Despite the extent of this warming, its local, regional and global impacts are uncertain, the rapid actions called for by IPCC must be adhered to. These uncertainties which are mainly due to limited knowledge of the earth's absorptive capacity for GHG and the extent of possible feedbacks to the atmosphere are not enough to support in-action. Likely impacts of global warming such as sea level rise, changes in storm activity, in vegetation distribution and in agronomic conditions can be dangerous to human existence and trans-boundary in nature. The lifetime of GHG is very long, 50-200 years, hence this problem can persist for very long periods. All the more reason for actions to stabilize GHG emissions.
Identification and selection of actions to mitigate GHG emissions will be a great challenge because these emissions are strongly tied to human activities that support life systems. However, these activities cover a wide range, from ones crucial to human well-being to those leading to affluence and over-consumption. This broad activity range provides opportunity to search for possible replacement of high emission intensive activities with less emission intensive ones and even provide room for innovation. Undertaking the necessary analysis and making optimal choices of actions will require carefully thought out strategies from countries and regions world-wide. These strategies will need to be technically feasible and cost-effective, while they promote sustained and equitable development and be sensitive to the different regional and national needs. Developing national actions to solve the climate problem will be difficult because the likely impact of the problem is global and no one country or group of countries can provide its remedy. The cooperation of countries and...