Climate Change and Its Effect

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Theoretical Background
This study is anchored on Brian Hills’ Dynamic Awareness Theory.Awareness (or lack of it) is an important property of people’s epistemic states at particular moments, with significant consequences for the decisionsthey make, their actions, and their behavior in situations of interaction (Hill, 2007). Awareness is a state of understanding about certain situations, events, phenomenon, in which people are mindful or knowledgeable enough to perceive such occurrence.A person’s awareness is not a static state which can be arbitrarily turned on and off. It is rather a slow build-up of information about his surroundings. It develops gradually over time, meaning different levels of awareness can exist(Kai Riemer, Russel Haines, 2008). Climate change is a significant and emerging threat to public health, economics, tourism, and agriculture, and changes the way we must look at protecting vulnerable populations. Another theoryanchored in this study is the theory of Florence Nightingale “Environmental Model”.In Nightingale’s theory, her main focus is the control of the environment of individuals and families, both healthy and ill. She believes that the environment was the major component creating illness in a patient; she regards disease as “the reactions of kindly nature against the conditions in which we have placed ourselves”. There are several effects of climate change that affects the environment. First are the effects on health.

Climate change endangers human health, affecting all sectors of society, both domestically and globally. The environmental consequences of climate change, both those already observed and those that are anticipated, such as sea-level rise, changes in precipitation resulting in flooding and drought, heat waves, more intense hurricanes and storms, and degraded air quality, will affect human health both directly and indirectly. Addressing the effects of climate change on human health is especially challenging because both the surrounding environment and the decisions that people make influence health. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007) concluded “Human beings are exposed to climate change through changing weather patterns (for example, more intense and frequent extreme events) and indirectly through changes in water, air, food quality and quantity, ecosystems, agriculture, and economy. At this early stage the effects are small but are projected to progressively increase in all countries and regions.” (http://epa.gov/climatechange/effects/health.html). According to Miller (1978) the system must interact and adjust to its environment. Thereby if the environment will be altered such as events like climate change then our health may also be affected. Also the manipulation of the physical environment is a major component in nursing care. And any changes or imbalanced made by these major areas of the environment in which the nurse can control have great impact on the equilibrium of the system thus making the nurse to exert more effort to balance the damaged system.

When health is seen as pattern of the whole, disease becomes an emergent pattern that can be understood in terms of a pattern of energy (Newman, 1994a). Seeing disease as a manifestation of pattern can help people become aware of their pattern of person-environment interaction. Also, in Henderson’s Metaparadigm in nursing focusing on Health and Environment viewed health as the quality of life and is very basic for a person to function fully. Therefore, it is important for a health individual to control the environment, but as illness occurs this ability is diminished or affected (McEwen, et. Al 2007). Second are the effects on economics.Vulnerability to climate change will mainly depend on economic position and infrastructure capacity of nations. Climate change effects will impose significant additional stress on ecological and socioeconomic systems, but currently these systems are burdened by...
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