Standard Progressive Matrices
The Standard Progressive Matrices test was constructed to measure the eductive component of ‘g’ as defined in Spearman’s theory of cognitive ability. The SPM was developed for use in homes, schools and workplacesas well as in laboratories. Thus it had to be short in nature, attractive, robust and valid. The test is made up of five sets or series of diagrammatic puzzles. They are multiple choice intelligence tests of abstract reasoning, originally developed by Dr. John C. Raven in 1936. In each test item, the subject is asked to identify the missing item that completes a pattern. Many patterns are presented in the form of a 4x4, 3x3, or 2x2 matrix, giving the test its name. It is a purely non-verbal Intelligence Test, it is widely used, belonging to the matrix of the asymptotic behavior of the test a total of 60 chart consists of five units of progressive matrix composition, each unit in the intellectual activities on the same general, the matrix structure is more and more complex, from one level to multiple levels of evolution, the requirements of the operation of thinking is from direct observation of the gradual process of indirect abstract reasoning. Raven Standard Progressive Matrices Test, gradually increase the difficulty of the order is divided into A, B, C, D, E, five groups, each group has a certain topic, the topic is slightly different type. Intuitively, A principal measure perceptual discriminative power, and graphical comparison of the graphics imagination; Group B measured similar comparison, graphics combination; group C mainly measured reasoning and graphics portfolio; group D measured family relationship, The graphics fit, analogy, etc.; major group of E measured swap, staggered and abstract reasoning ability. However, when Raven was developing the progressive matrices, he designed the items based on sensory judgments, which appeared to him as measuring the inferences,...
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