Solid Waste Planning an Ddisposal

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SOLID WASTE PLANNING AND DISPOSAL
Service Delivery Training Module 4 of 4

MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND PROVINCIAL COUNCILS

SOLID WASTE PLANNING AND DISPOSAL

Service Delivery Training Module 4 of 4

2008

MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND PROVINCIAL COUNCILS

Contents

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CONTENTS
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | 3 Session 1: Solid Waste Management Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | 5 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Why Local Authorities Need a Solid Waste Management Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Benefits of Planning for Local Authorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . How to Develop a Solid Waste Management Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Initial Organization Process (Step One) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | | | | 6 6 6 7

Session 2: Collection of Existing Data, Analysis of Results and Issues Identification . . . . . . . . . . | 9 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Collection of Existing Data, Situation Analysis and Issues Identification (Step Two) . Identification of Stakeholders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Determination of Decision Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collection of Existing Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Information on Solid Waste Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disposal of Solid Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Analysis of Data and Issues Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | 9 | 10 | 11 | 11 | 12 | 16 | 19

Session 3: Objectives and Consideration of Alternative Actions for Achieving Objectives . . . . . . | 21 3.1 Objectives and Consideration of Alternative Actions for Achieving Objectives . . . . . . | 21 3.2 Policy Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | 22 3.3 Create an Action Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | 22 Session 4: Managing and Sustaining Implementation of Solid Waste Management Programmes | 24 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Managing and Sustaining Plan Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Development of an Implementation Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Implementation Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public Awareness and Training Programmes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Policy Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Monitoring and Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | 24 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 26 | 26

Session 5: Improved Methods of Disposal when Landfills are Not Available . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | 34 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Disposal - General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Principal Methods of Waste Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
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