Solid Waste Management: Addressing the Hazards and Measures to Tackle Waste Disposal

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Solid waste management is defined as the control of waste generation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing and disposal of solid wastes consistent with the best practices of public health, economics, financial, engineering, administrative, legal and environmental considerations. Solid waste is sewage other than hazardous waste. There are 8 categories of solid waste which are commercial waste, construction waste, domestic waste, industrial waste, institution waste, import waste, public waste and any waste not categorized. There are currently international agreements such as the Basel Convention and the Bamako Convention deal primarily with the inter-state transport of hazardous waste. The principal recommendation is that a project be developed to further investigate the magnitude of the global waste generation and management problem with a view towards developing a draft treaty for submission to the UN Environment Programme. The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, usually known simply as the Basel Convention, is an international treaty that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs). It does not, however, address the movement of radioactive waste. The Convention is also intended to minimize the amount and toxicity of wastes generated, to ensure their environmentally sound management as closely as possible to the source of generation, and to assist LDCs in environmentally sound management of the hazardous and other wastes they generate. The Bamako Convention is a treaty of African nations prohibiting the import of any hazardous (including radioactive) waste. The Convention was negotiated by twelve nations of the Organization of African Unity at Bamako, Mali in January, 1991, and came into force in 1998. The Bamako Convention uses a format and...
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