Scientific Management in France and China

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 231
  • Published : February 8, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
Scientific management
How was Taylorism received outside the USA? Contrast the reception of Taylorism in two different countries, one Western, one Asian, in your answer. Introduction
Frederick W. Taylor with a group of followers who rallied alongside with him examines management in the late ninetieth and early twentieth century. Scientific management then came along from Taylor’s studies of time management and productivity in an organization. It had made its first appearance in the USA which aims to improve workers wage, status and productivity (Wren and Bedeian 2009). However it faced acute rejections from the people. Despite of such skeptics, the group pressed on to spread the “gospel of such efficiency” worldwide, while others debating over the applicability of such efficiency. Nevertheless, Taylorism was widely used in many different countries up to today (Mullins 2007). In this essay, i will touch on how Taylorism was brought into France and China, and the acceptance of Taylorism in these countries, reflecting on the impacts it creates economically and socially. France

In the early years of twentieth century, many prominent French were on close relationships with Taylor (Walter-busch 2006). A portion of them were businessmen, scientists, sociologists and politicians. And amongst were Albert Thomas, France Minister for Munitions and a core committee member in the establishment of International Management Institute(IMI), and Henri Le Chateier, a scientist on industrial production. These two main men contributed much to the dissemination of Taylorism across the borders into France (Wren and Bedeian 2009). Since their realization of such effective management style from Taylor, they introduced it to various business people in France whom sees the applicability of Taylorism to their companies. To name a few; Louis Ranault, Andre Michelin and Edouard, and these people eventually became the pioneer users of scientific management in France. By 1910 these companies had already put a substantial amount of such management methods into use (Wren and Bedeian 2009). And with words of compliment spreading across the country, other industrialists and private sectors like the managements of Compagnie Genarale Electricite, a French electricity company also sees the benefits of Taylorism soon after. They employed some part of it, such as the usage of time-keeping equipments in the work units, and applying the “piece-rate” incentives method on the production line (Merkle 1980). Michelin the philanthropistic founder of Michelin tyres, along with other first few who learnt about Taylorism not only put such efficiency into use, they went through tireless effort to advocate others about it. Efforts such as setting up of committees to promote Taylorism, creating of Propaganda Campaigns and public advertisements on scientific managements were also printed on national magazines (Tesi 2009). There are no doubts about the benefits Taylorism had brought along. However on the other hand, substantive rejections were also present during earlier times. Le Chateier’s movements to introduce scientific management were at the dismay of many. Since then, a series of strikes and protests by mainly workers broke out (Merkle 1980). After analysis carried out, it was evident that the introductions of certain scientific management methods were adopted prematurely that eventuated such violent condemnations (Merkle 1980). It was Albert Thomas who cannot stand the anti-Taylorist protest movements that again came into the picture that did much to salvage the situation. He collected information on the strikes that broke out at Renault in 1912 by personally contacting labor unions and Louis Renault. Addressing the issue to those partisans of revolutionary syndicalism, concluded that the more efficient methods of scientific management are adopted, it will leads to higher worker wages, shorter working hours and lower product prices (Walter-busch 2006). And...
tracking img