Scientific Management Theory

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To develop a company or an organization to higher place in market, the factory system brought with it many new problems such as labour, the structure and equipment, and the technique of production. For this reason, Frederick W. Taylor’s scientific management theory has been used to solve it and even gain more benefit. It is the intention of this literature review essay to define scientific management theory. Secondly, it is the intention of this essay to discuss how Taylor’s system used during the industrial revolution. Thirdly, it is the intention of this literature to review the reasons why scientific management theory gained importance in the first place. Fourthly, it is the intention of this literature to learn how scientific management which effect organization, use in modern day. Firstly, it is the intention of this review essay to define scientific management theory which is given by Frederick W. Taylor. Generally, scientific management is distinctively scientific, which aims to correlate and systematize all the best of modern developments in factory, and to push development further by developing a “science” for each element of a worker’s job, scientifically selecting workers, scientifically training and developing workers. Nyland (1996) gave that “ Scientific management is a system devised by industrial engineers for the purpose of serving the common interests of employers, workmen and society at large through the elimination of avoidable wastes, the general improvement of the processes and methods of production, and the just and scientific distribution of the product.”. And also Taneja, Pryor, Toombs (2011) supported that this theory which were base on the scientific approach to management and managerial decision making, were helped the organization response to problems, inefficiencies and adverse employer-employee relations. Taylor (2003) could see that work was more efficient when broken down into its constituent parts, and the management, planning,...
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