1.1 Summarise the entitlement and provision for early year’s education It became an entitlement of all 3-and 4-year-olds in England to receive a free part-time early years education of up to 12.5 hours per week for a period of up to 38 weeks of the year as part of the Every Child Matters agenda and Childcare Act 2006. Every child should receive up to two years free education before reaching school age, this is ensured by local authorities, which is funded by the government. Although parents are not expected to contribute to this, they will be charged for any additional hours. Early year’s provision in schools is about supporting very young children. It is from key stage 1 in each country within the UK and is based on the theory of learning through play as opposed to a more formal education, play has been proven to be an important vehicle for children’s early learning. As I work with and support this age group, I have an understanding of the Early Year’s Foundation Stage and how children learn through play. The Early Years Curriculum Frameworks:
England and Wales
In English and Welsh schools, the Foundation Curriculum runs from the ages of 3 to 5 years, so not only is it used in reception classes but also in school nurseries. Introduced in England in September 2008 the Early Years Foundation Stage sets out one standard framework for learning, development and care for all children from birth to the end of the Reception year. Year 1 teachers maintain the principles of the EYFS curriculum until the end of the autumn term in their class. Scotland
In Scotland, the Curriculum is focused around the document Curriculum for Excellence. This document concerns the curriculum for 3-to 18-year olds. The curriculum for 3-to 4-year olds and the early primary phase (Primary 1) are presented as one level. This means that, even though in Scotland there is a distinction between phases children will only move on to primary 1 when they are ready. Also there is a strong emphasis...