Tda 3.2, Schools as Organisations

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TDA 3.2 (1.1, 1.2, 1.3) Part 1

Produce a flow chart outlining the structure of education from early years to post sixteen. Add an explanation of the entitlement of early year’s education and characteristics of different types of school.

Flow Chart outlining structure from early years to post 16 years

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Early Years Foundation Stage (eyfs)

In the education system of this country children do not have to attend school until they are 5 years old but at the age of 2 years children can attend pre schools and from the age of 3 years families are entitled to 15 hours of free flexible schooling where they can choose which days suit them best to send their child to a pre school of their choice with no charge as this service is funded by the government. Early years providers have to follow a structure of learning and development which enables children to expand their experiences and knowledge through a range of tasks and activities and develop their social behaviour through play. All registered early years providers must use the eyfs to ensure that all children receive the same structure and are given the same opportunities regardless of social background, religion etc. the eyfs work closely with parents to make sure that they are constantly informed of their child’s progress and to ensure that the equal opportunities policy is in place so that the welfare, learning and all round development of children is guaranteed and to make certain that children with special educational needs, disabilities or gifted children are given the correct encouragement to realise their own potential.

The four themes of the EYFS are:
• A unique child
• Positive relationships
• Enabling environments
• Learning and development

These four themes state the important principles underpinning effective practice in the care, development and learning of young children. The four principles of the EYFS are:

• Every child, from birth is a competent learner who can be resilient, capable, confident and self assured • Children learn to be strong and learn independence from a foundation of loving and secure relationships with parents and /or a key person. • The setting plays a key role in supporting and extending a child’s development and learning. • Children learn and develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas of learning and development are equally important and inter connected

Different types of schools

There are four main types of state schools in England
• Community schools
• Foundation and trust schools
• Voluntary aided schools
• Voluntary controlled schools

The mainstream state schools in England take children into education from the age of 5 years to the age of 16 years but many have a reception class that accept children from the age of 4 years. These schools are free to attend and are usually of mixed gender although there a small number of single sexed schools remaining. The majority of children in this country attend these schools. There are four types of state schools all of which follow the National Curriculum and have regular visits from Ofsted to maintain the high standards required to educate children fairly and productively.

Community Schools
Community schools are run by the Local Authority who will own the land and the buildings which make up the school; they also employ their own staff and decide the admission criteria to use when accepting new pupils. These schools develop strong links with their local community and may offer their facilities for use for local fund raising events or fetes, they may also provide other services to the district by the way of childcare or an adult learning centre.

Foundation and Trust Schools
These schools are ran by their own governing body who have taken the decision to become a trust school, they can own the land and building which form the school but...
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