School Home Involvement Towards Enhancing Pupils Academic Performance

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CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Introduction
Home-school relationships are the shared partnerships and initiatives through which the people who care for students in the home and community setting and the people who care for them in the school setting jointly promote the students’ learning and well-being. The students themselves are part of both these groups, which together make up the wider school community. A stronger relationship between teachers and their pupils’ families will lead to increased parental involvement in the academic success of their children at home. Besides, it will also lead to greater family participation in school activities, improved communication between teachers and parents and improved pupils’ academic performance whereas performance in school is evaluated in number of ways .

The child’s accomplishment of developmental tasks is to a great extent influenced by the home, the school and his immediate community. These factors vary from case to case since they constitute people of different status. Unlike machines, infrastructures, equipment and establishments, people are dynamic and not static. Thus, children undergo varying degrees of development as influenced by various factors in the environment.

Children and youth face a number of significant challenges as they make their way through the formative years of life. Some potential difficulties spring from the

process of physical, emotional and social development within them as they interact with the family, peers and the wider spectrum of society. A harmonious interaction between the hereditary traits of a child and the influence of the environment upon him will certainly expedite and increase his chances of attaining his goals in life. Among the factors in the environment which have the direct influence on learning, the home could be counted as the place where children acquired most experiences because they stay there most of the time. It is the place where they first learn the meaning of joy and laughter, tears and sorrows. And with that, the family who composes the home is undoubtedly has a very strong influence on the child’s formation of habits, values, attitude and behavior which are considered factors of performance in the school. Hence, there is a strong link between the home and the school in terms of the influences it has had on pupils especially during their formative years. In this regard the home is the first and immediate environment of the child soon after his birth and the place that cradles him during the early formative years of his life. His parents, elder siblings and close relatives are the instant human beings who, consciously or unconsciously, design the pattern of his development cognitively, skillfully, affectively and spiritually. This development gradually grows in sophistication as years pass by since the child continues to acquire information and experiences through his various senses and learn from his immediate surroundings through imitation and observation.

The home is considered the venue where the basic and simplest form of social institution where parents and children are living together. The significance of the home in family life is epitomized in an adage that says, ”there is no place like home”. However, the concrete manifestation of this ancient piece of popular wisdom is the home that exists as a dwelling of love, unity, cooperation, understanding and trust between and among the members of the household, particularly the parents and their children. No parents, in their right senses, want their children to come up with spurious character. As much as possible, they like their children to be God-fearing, respectful to authority, nationalistic, obedient to elders, and possess other traits worthy of appreciation and emulation. Hence, they perform their obligations to the best of their abilities even to the extent of shouldering the...
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