1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years to include a. Physical development.
b. Communication and intellectual development.
c. Social, emotional and behavioural.
There are five main principles of development,
* Neonate this is birth to one month
* Infancy this is one month to one year
* Early years this is one year to five years
* Middle childhood this is five years to twelve years
* Adolescence this is twelve years to sixteen years
Children’s development is holistic this means that each stage is interlinked and dependant on the other so that the child can develop properly and reach their full potential. For example, for a child to learn to walk he/she first needs to learn to hold their head up then learn to sit aided then unaided, crawl, stand holding onto things then walk, each of these stages are aided by social development with primary and secondary relationships with interaction from adults with praise and encouragement playing a big part, physical development with the child developing their gross and fine motor skills, intellectual development in early years involves cognitive development, recognising things and prediction. Communication and language development is also linked with emotional development the child has to listen to the parent/adult and copy what they see around them. The child can sometimes be seen as a collection of different pieces which can be helpful
When having to look closely at an individual area of development to check on progress of the child as it reaches particular milestones and to see if the child may need help or guidance reaching them and to define any underlying problems that may have otherwise been missed. The combined aspects of a child’s development along with feeling’s and relationships are all holistic. The social development for a child consists of primary (mother and father) and secondary relationships (extended family and friends) which play a huge part in the development of a child and the bonds and relationships it will form in later life, the development of a child starts from the head and works its way down the body. All development happens in the same order but can occur at different rates. * 1.1a, Physical development is, Bones and muscles develop as do gross and fine motor skills along with the five senses, touch, hearing, taste, smell and sight. In an infant developing fine and gross motor skills being able to hold their heads up when being held by an adult then this progresses into being able to move their head around, the child then learns how to roll and move arms and legs to where he/she wants them, the child will then learn how to push itself up on to their arms and move around a little on their belly, then eventually the child will be able to sit, crawl and begin to walk. In early year’s the child can begin to walk unaided be more steady on their feet, learn how to catch a ball, and also learn how to hold a pencil. They can climb; run, hop and have a better sense of balance as the child gets older towards the later stage of early years the child will be able to use their fine motor skills to complete puzzles. In middle childhood their gross motor skills really develop they can jump and have better control over their precise movements for skipping, catching using scissors and running and drawing.
Towards the later stage they show signs of body development, puberty they grow taller longer hair and will probably be more aware of these changes themselves. In adolescence their development is more noticeable they have fine-tuned their gross and fine motor skill they will have found something they are good at their artistic work will be very developed they will have huge body changes i.e. growing taller putting on weight losing it they Have a lot of hormones which are responsible for mood swings they also develop facial and...