Role of Engineering

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Submission to
Part II of the Walkerton Inquiry
The Roles and Responsibilities of Professional Engineers
in the Provision of Safe Drinking Water

April 2001

CONTENTS
PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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1.

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INTRODUCTION
1.1
1.2
1.3

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THE WALKERTON INQUIRY
PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERING AND DRINKING WATER SAFETY
A BOUT THIS REPORT

PROFESSIONAL ENGIN EERING REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
2.1 THE RULES GOVERNING PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERING
2.1.1
Historical Overview of Engineering Regulation
2.1.2
The Professional Engineers Act
2.1.3
Regulation 941 of the Act
2.1.4
Code of Ethics
2.1.5
Professional Engineers Seal
2.2 ROLE OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS ONTARIO
2.2.1
PEO’s Legislated Mandate
2.2.2
Licensing
2.2.3
Certificates of Authorization
2.2.4
Negligence and Professional Misconduct
2.2.5
Complaints and Disciplinary Procedures
2.2.6
Demonstrating Duty to Public Welfare
2.2.7
PEO Environment Committee
2.3 THE LICENSED PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER
2.3.1
Continuing Competence
2.3.2
Professional Conduct and Liability
2.3.3
Conflict of Interest
2.3.4
Duty to Report

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THE CURRENT PRACTICE OF ENGINEERING IN THE PROVISION OF DRINKING WATER
3.1 A CADEMIC TRAINING
3.1.1
Environmental Engineering
3.1.2
Chemical Engineering
3.1.3
Civil Engineering
3.1.4
Geological and Geotechnical Engineering
3.1.5
Mechanical Engineering
3.2 LEGAL REQUIREMENTS
3.2.1
Ontario Water Resources Act
3.2.2
Ontario Regulation 459/00 Drinking Water Protection
3.2.3
Regulation 435/93
3.2.4
Environmental Protection Act
3.2.5
Environmental Assessment Act
3.2.6
Drainage Act
3.2.7
Ontario Building Code Act
3.2.8
Other Legislation Impacting Water Supply
3.3 THE PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER’S ROLE
3.3.1
Municipal Responsibilities
3.3.2
Public Sector Engineers
3.3.3
Private Sector Engineers

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3.3.4
3.3.5
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Involvement of Professional Engineers in Regulation and Governance Research and Development

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4.1 Increase Public Health Training
4.2 Raise Awareness of the Role of PEO through Outreach
4.3 Partner with Regulatory and Non-Governmental Organizations 4.4 Promote Continuing Excellence
4.5 Provide Guidance and Advice to Practising Engineers

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RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE INQUIRY

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5.1.Refine the Definition of Engineering Regarding Safe Drinking Water in Provincial Legislation 5.2 Increase Professional Engineers’ Paticipation in Waterworks Operations and Management 5.3 Specify Roles of Engineers through Demand-side Legislation 5.4 Strengthen Provincial Regulation of Water Systems

5.5 Clarify and Enhance Duty to Report

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PEO’S COMMITMENTS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER

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GLOSSARY

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

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APPENDIX
A.1 Acknowledgements
A.2 Definition of Professional Engineering
A.3 Code of Ethics
A.4 PEO’s Admissions Process
A.5 Complaints, Discipline and Enforcement Processes
A.6 Professional Responsibility
A.7 PEO Communications and Resource Materials
A.8 Policies and Guidelines Related to Drinking Water
A.9 Federal and Provincial Legislation
A.10 Correspondence from Professional Engineers Ontario to the Ministry of the Environment

A-1
A -1
A2
A -3
A -5
A -10
A -12
A -13
A -14
A -15
A -16

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PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE

Ontario’s professional engineers are required, by law, to regard their duty to public welfare as paramount. Professional Engineers Ontario (PEO) is the organization that licenses professional engineers and regulates the practice of professional engineering in Ontario. PEO regulates engineering under the authority of the Professional Engineers Act and its supporting regulations.

PEO, as the regulator of engineering practice in the province, is bound by both statutory obligations and ethical respons...
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