Robotic Surgery

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Have you ever been in a hospital operating room full of doctors in masks and gowns? If not, take a look at this picture. Wouldn’t you feel better If this number decreases, leaving only one or two doctors maximum? (pic1) Wouldn’t be less stressful and more comfortable if you don’t hear them discussing and talking above your head? Through searching within different topics, today I bring you out a very interesting one. Most probably, many of you haven’t heard about it before: robotic surgery. Today, I would like to inform you about the definition and the types of robotic surgery, their advantages and their disadvantages. let us start by introducing robotic surgery. Defined by « Robotic surgery is a technique in which a surgeon performs surgery using a computer that remotely controls very small instruments attached to a robot». () In his article, What are the types of robotic surgery?, Mike selvon explains about the diverse categories of robotic surgery system. According to him, three main typess are found: Supervisory-Controlled systems, Telesurgical systems and Shared-Control systems. Supervisory-Controlled systems are the most automated one. It does require a significant amount of preparation to set up to perform each surgery. A specific set of commands, unique to both the patient and the procedure being performed, is first entered into the system by the surgeon and support team. This is accomplished with extensive mapping of the body using three-dimensional medical imaging. Just prior to the surgery, the system is then registered to match the patient's body to the mapping in the surgical system. Finally, the surgery begins. Once the surgery is under way, the robotic system will automatically execute the procedure. Robodoc system is the most famous one in this type.(pic3) When it comes to shared control system, the system will assist in performing surgical procedures, however the human surgeon will perform most of the work, actually operating...
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