Unfortunately, there is no established and implemented national land transport policy including, among other things, directives concerning the balance between different transport policy objectives (accessibility, speed, transport costs, environmental impact, and road safety) and different transport modes (road, rail, air and maritime). Nor does there exist any long-term, nation-wide master plan for land transport. Instead, it appears that short and medium-term plans for smaller regions are used. The lack of a transport policy has implications both in rural and urban areas.
The lack of a national transport policy has contributed to the unsuitable situation between different transport policy objectives. Good accessibility, high speeds and little congestion have been given higher priority than good safety and low environmental impact. We admit that there is an urgent need to draw a National Master Plan for Road Safety that should include the following: a problem analysis; a safety vision; a safety strategy and an action plan.
The proposed Master Plan should be multi-sectoral and multi-disciplinary, and cover all major actions – “system and institutional” interventions as well as “technical countermeasures”. It could, for example, include interventions concerning transport policy, safety organization and funding as well as actions concerning infrastructure, vehicles, education and enforcement. A Master Plan should comprise actions to be taken by all involved organizations- governmental and other public organizations as well as non-governmental organizations.
Focus should be placed on the most important problem areas. In many cases, vulnerable road users (e.g. pedestrians) are more exposed to causality risks than protected road users (e.g. car occupants). High priority should therefore be given to vulnerable groups.
The execution of a Road Safety Master Plan is a long and laborious process comprising several... [continues]
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