Rice Consumption

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  • Topic: Rice, Consumption function, Permanent income hypothesis
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  • Published : December 4, 2012
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De La Salle University – Manila

Research Study: Income and Consumption on Rice of Filipino Families

A Research Paper presented to
The Faculty of the Decision Sciences and Innovation Department Ramon V. del Rosario College of Business
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in
Basic Research Methodology (BASIREC)

Submitted to:
Professor Eula Villar

Submitted By:
Ku, Marian Joyce Camille
Torres, Bienvenido
Uy, Anika Michelle

December 2012

Acknowledgements

The researchers would like to extend their gratitude to the following who in one way or another contributed to the completion of this study:

Families from Barangay Villamonte, Bacolod City, Negros Occidental - Respondents Ms. Eula Villar – Basic Research Methodology Professor

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 4
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 4
RESEARCH PROBLEM6
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES6
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 7
SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS 7

CHAPTER 2:REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 9

CHAPTER3: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 13
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 13
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK18
OPERATIONAL FRAMEWORK 22

CHAPTER 4: METHODOLOGY 23

CHAPTER 5: DATA ANALYSIS 26

CHAPTER 6: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 30

APPENDICES 31
REFERENCES 31
CHARTS AND FIGURES 35
SAMPLE QUESTIONNAIRE 38

I. Introduction

A. Rationale and Background of the Study
Over the past years, the economy of the Philippines has not been stable. As it has experienced growth and downturns, the food consumption of Filipino families has varied but rice, being the staple food in the Philippines, has steadily been on top of the food list. Philippine Food and Nutrition Security Atlas (March 2012) suggests that a typical Filipino diet is a combination of rice, fish and vegetables that is equivalent to 861 grams of food in raw or purchased form. Each year, a household consumes 568 kg of rice, paying P17, 123 for it (Rappler, September 2012). The Philippines has even been ranked 4th in the major rice importing countries in 2012 according to United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Production, Supply, and Distribution (PSD) survey results. Unlike other Southeast Asian countries wherein better economy equates to lesser rice demand, Philippines’ demand on rice is consistently increasing. Based on a study by the Southeast Asian Regional Center (SEARCA) for Graduate Study and Research, the average rice consumption of a Filipino in the 1980’s/1990’s, is 92 kilograms, 111 kilograms in 2008-2009, and 119 kilograms in 2009-2010 (Rappler, September 2012). Last 2011, the Bureau of Agriculture Statistics (BAS) released the Family Income and Expenditures Survey (FIES) of the National Statistics Office (NSO), which mapped out the diet of Filipinos over the recent years. According to the survey, Filipino families had been spending more for their food, with 42.6 percent of total household expenses going to agricultural commodities and that they had been depending on rice more than ever for their caloric and protein intake. The survey also noted that Filipinos’ intake of beef and certain fruits and vegetables have gone down in the past decade. Efraim Rasco, chief of the Philippine Rice Research Institute said the increase in per capita consumption could be attributed to two things. Rasco said “First is that the corn- and cassava-eating provinces have shifted to rice because they see it as a classier food.” This shift was reflected in the BAS survey, which showed that corn consumption went down to 44.30 grams per day from 50.88 grams per day in 2000. He also noted that the large share of rice in the diet of Filipinos indicated their poor purchasing power. That Filipinos rely heavily on rice to get through their day could mean that they still cannot afford other commodities, Rasco said. (Alave, December 2011) Food consumption is one of the...
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