Employee Perception on Workers Participation

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CHAPTER 1
1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2 OBJECTIVES
1.3SCOPE OF THE STUDY
1.4 LIMITATIONS OF STUDY
1.5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

1.1 INTRODUCTION
Workers’ participation in management is an essential ingredient of Industrial democracy. The concept of workers’ participation in management is based on Human Relations approach to Management which brought about a new set of values to labor and management. Traditionally the concept of Workers’ Participation in Management (WPM) refers to participation of non-managerial employees in the decision-making process of the organization. Workers’ participation is also known as ‘labor participation’ or ‘employee participation’ in management. In Germany it is known as co-determination while in Yugoslavia it is known as self-management. The International Labor Organization has been encouraging member nations to promote the scheme of Workers’ Participation in Management. Workers’ participation in management implies mental and emotional involvement of workers in the management of Enterprise. It is considered as a mechanism where workers have a say in the decision-making. Definition: According to Keith Davis, Participation refers to the mental and emotional involvement of a person in a group situation which encourages him to contribute to group goals and share the responsibility of achievement. According to Walpole, Participation in Management gives the worker a sense of importance, pride and accomplishment; it gives him the freedom of opportunity for self-expression; a feeling of belongingness with the place of work and a sense of ‘workmanship and creativity.  The two major aspects of enterprise are ownership and control. Ownership and control had been treated as inseparable and almost one phenomenon in the early stage of industrial development. However, the present environment is different and the 'terms' have come into two distinct usages and practices. Shareholders of the company, these days, are just the owners and do not exercise or have no control over processes of management or day to day decisions of the company. A distinct class has evolved which controls and manages, whom we call managers, although the managers concentrate themselves on the interest of the ownership. In these circumstances, the question is whether the workers should participate in management and control or decision making processes.

The thought that the participation of workers in management is inevitable in the process of decision making for higher productivity in micro and macro level and for the smooth functioning of industrial democracy has gained much strength today. It is because of the realization that labor is not only the factor of production; it is also a sensitive human element. Workers' participation in decision making will, if implemented sincerely, honestly and effectively with a welcome approach by the employer, certainly produce two immediate effects - one in productivity and the other in industrial relations. The increasing productivity and sound industrial relations will work hand in hand to ensure smooth functioning of economy and industrial democracy. But it is not an easy task; it requires the real commitment and some prerequisites.

1.2 OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE
The main objective of this study is to know or check employees’ perception on workers participation in management in skyline exports.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES
* To know more about workers participation in management, its meaning and definition. * To know about its importance in modern scenario.
* To know about what are all the benefits and problems of workers participation in management. * To know about the workers perception in the firm on participation system.

1.3 SCOE OF THE STUDY

In every organization there employees have some perception about each and every facts of firm and here this study involve relation between employee’s perception and workers participation in management. So in this...
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