Rf Network Planning

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SVKM’s Narsee Monjee

Mukesh Patel School Of Technology
Management and Engineering, NMIMS

A Report
On

RF Network Planning For GSM and CDMA

By
Kashish Parikh

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF
Prof Ravindra Bhatt(Lecturer),
Parminder Singh Sodhi(Dept Gen Manager) and
Vivek Porwal(Junior Manager)

Reliance Communications
(8th May 2010)

SVKM’s Narsee Monjee

Mukesh Patel School of Technology
Management and Engineering, NMIMS

Certificate

This is to certify that Kashish Parikh has submitted his report on RF Network planning under the guidance of Mr Parminder Sodhi (Reliance Comm), Vivek Porwal (Reliance Comm) and Prof Ravindra Bhatt (MPSTME) in Partial fulfilment of IXth Trimester Technical Internship for MBA(Tech) program of Mukesh Patel School of Technology Management & Engineering , Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies(NMIMS), Mumbai.

___________________
Mr Parminder Singh Sodhi Prof Ravindra Bhatt
(Deputy Gen Manager)
(RELIANCE COMMUNICATIONS)

_____________________ _____________________
Mr Vinod Bhatia Head of Department (ALL INDIA HOD- RF PLANNING)
(RELIANCE COMMUNICATIONS)

Acknowledgements

I would like to take this opportunity to express my gratitude to all those people who have helped me in the successful completion of my project.

First and foremost, I would like to thank my internal guide Prof. Ravindra Bhatt for his immense and whole hearted support without which this project would not have been possible.

First of all, Mr Vivek Porwal who, through his expertise in the field, devised a module that would enable me to understand the concepts of telephony and gradually gather a vivid understanding of my project. His wisdom and support was a great asset and his project planning helped me gain a good insight on the working of GSM & CDMA.

My mentor, Mr. Parminder Singh Sodhi, who has lent his support on every occassion and shared his vast expanse of knowledge and experience which were important in understanding the nitty-gritties of the organisation.Most importantly his critical explanation of all my doubts worked in cementing my basics.

Lastly I would like to thank Mr. Sumeet, Mr. Jigar Parikh, Mr. Chirag Shah, Mr. Nishant Jadav and Mr. Sakir Patanwala for creating a amiable learning environment where free flow of knowledge could take place enabling me to get a holistic view of things.

-Kashish Parikh

* INDEX

1. About the company……………………………………………………………………………6

2. History………………………………………………………………………………………….7

3. Introduction To Wireless System……………………………………………………………..8

4. Multiple Access Techniques………………………………………………………………….15 4.1 FDMA……………………………………………………………………………………...16 4.2 TDMA……………………………………………………………………………………...17 4.3 CDMA……………………………………………………………………………………...18

5. GSM & CDMA Traffic Channels ……………………………………………………………19 5.1 GSM Channels……………………………………………………………………………..19 5.2 Reverse Link………………………………………………………………………………..23

6. Cell Concept……………………………………………………………………………………28

7. BTS & Antenna………………………………………………………………………………...30

7.1 BTS…………………………………………………………………………………………….30 7.2Antenna Selection Criteria…………………….....................................................................31 7.3 Antenna Used……………………………………………………………………………….34

8. Propagation Model……………………………………………………………………………..37

9. Softwares Used…………………………………………………………………………………38

9.1 Google Earth……………………………………………………………………………….38 9.2 Agilent Wizard……………………………………………………………………………..38 9.3 Mapinfo……………………………………………………………………………………..39

10. Network Planning……………………………………………………………………………..41

10.1 Calculation Of Number Of BTS……………………………………………………………41 10.2 Positioning BTS…………………………………………………………………………...50 10.3 Excel Sheet…………………………………………………………………………………53 10.4...
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