Textile Industry of Pakistan
Table of Contents Page
1. Overview of the Textile industry 2. Global Developments 3. Domestic Overview 4. Export Performance of Textile Industry 5. Ancillary Textile Industry i) Cotton Spinning Sector ii) Cloth Sector iii) Textile Made-Up Sector iv) Synthetic Fiber Manufacturing Sector v) Filament Yarn Manufacturing Industry vi) Art Silk and Synthetic Weaving Industry vii) Woolen Industry 5. Cotton Textile Statistics 6. Economic and Social Indicators 7. Decline in Textile industry growth 8. Conclusion 9. Bibliography 2 3 4 4 6 6 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 12 13
Report on Textile Industry of Pakistan Overview of the textile Industry: The textile sector enjoys a pivotal position in the exports of Pakistan. In Asia, Pakistan is the 8thlargest exporter of textile products. The contribution of this industry to the total GDP is 8.5%. It provides employment to about 15 million people, 30% of the country work force of about 49million. The annual volume of total world textile trade is US$18 trillion which is growing at 2.5 percent. Out of it, Pakistan’s share is less than one per cent. The development of the Manufacturing Sector has been given the highest priority since Pakistan’s founding with major stress on Agro-Based Industries. For Pakistan which was one of the leading producers of cotton in the world, the development of a Textile Industry making full use of its abundant resources of cotton has been a priority area towards industrialization. At present, there are 1,221 ginning units, 442 spinning units, 124 large spinning units and 425 small units which produce textile products. The industry consists of large-scale organized sector and a highly fragmented cottage / small-scale sector. The various sectors that are a part of the textile value chain are: Spinning, most of the spinning industry operates in an organized manner with in-house weaving, dying and finishing facilities. Weaving comprises of small and medium sized entities. The processing sector, comprising dyeing, printing and finishing sub-sectors, only a part of this sector is operating in an organized state, able to process large quantities while the rest of the units operate as small and medium sized units. The printing segment dominates the overall processing industry followed by textile dyeing and fabric bleaching. The garments manufacturing segment generates the highest employment within the textile value chain. Over 75% of the units comprise small sized units. The knitwear industry mostly consists of factories operating as integrated units (knitting + processing+ making up facilities). The clothing sectors both woven and knits are mainly clustering in Karachi– Lahore and Faisalabad where sufficient ladies labor is available. Pakistan is the world’s 4th largest producer and 3rd largest consumer of cotton. The Textile and Clothing Industry has been the main driver of the economy for the last 50 years in terms of foreign currency earnings and jobs creation. The Textile and Clothing Industry will continue to be an important engine for future growth of the economy; there is no alternative industry or service sector that has the potential to benefit the economy with foreign currency earnings and new job creation, especially if synergy is developed amongst different sub sectors and efforts are made to aggressively grow the Ready made Clothing Sector. Pakistan’s Textile Industry had proved its strength in global market during the last four decades. It has proved its strength even in post quota era by not only sustaining its position but, also showing growth during 2005 to 2007, but declined to $11.1 billion in 2008 due to financial and economic melt down globally. The Garment Sector & especially the Knit Garment Sector need special focus in future policies.
Report on Textile Industry of Pakistan
Table 1.1: Export of Textile and Clothing (Us $ millions)...