Introduction: All major industries create wealth but if there is one industry that plays a unique role by way of both creation of wealth through a wide range of manufacturing activities and also by way of preserving the wealth or value created by many, many other industries, it is packaging. Apart from the huge value addition and employment involved in these activities, packaging has served the Indian economy by helping preservation of the quality and lengthening the shelf life of innumerable products - ranging from milk and biscuits, to drugs and medicines, processed and semi-processed foods, fruits and vegetables, edible oils, electronic goods etc., besides domestic appliances and industrial machinery and other hardware needing transportation. With water becoming a consumer product, polymer material-based bottles are becoming a universal presence. Packaging, as distinct from mere “packing”, plays it‟s most visible and catalytic role in a modern economy with the widespread adoption of branding of products and development of consumer preferences. To the extent that any consumer product is packaged in a manner that meets the criteria of safety, convenience and attractiveness, it gains market share. In the aggregate, packaging as a sectoral activity boosts consumption and economic growth. Packaging, as distinct from mere “packing”, plays it‟s most visible and catalytic role in a modern economy with the widespread adoption of branding of products and development of consumer preferences. To the extent that any consumer product is packaged in a manner that meets the criteria of safety, convenience and attractiveness, it gains market share. In the aggregate, packaging as a sectoral activity boosts consumption and economic growth. The packaging industry‟s growth has led to greater specialization and sophistication from the point of view of health (in the case of packaged foods and medicines) and environment friendliness of packing material. The demands on the packaging industry are challenging, given the increasing environmental awareness among communities. The World Packaging Organization‟ s (WPO) slogan, “Better Quality of Life Through Better Packaging”, sumps up the important place that packaging occupies in a modern economy. To ensure that public appreciation of this role and the policy-makers‟ support to the industry are not diluted, attention should be paid to basic issues like collection, segregation and reuse of synthetic packaging material and observation of regulatory requirements.
Classifications - Packing Industry in India: Classification of Packaging:
1. By Shape (from or Size) Heavy Packaging (Large) Medium Packaging (Middle)
1. 2. 1. 2. 3. Light Packaging (Small) 1. 2. 3.
Container Wooden Carton Box Woven Bag Can, Barrel, Tub Flexible Packaging Bottles, Can (Small) Paper Container
3. By Method (way of Packing) a) Vacuum Packaging b) Aseptic Packaging c) Retortable Packaging d) Shrink Packaging e) Strip Packaging f) Gas Flush Packaging g) Moisture – Proof Packaging h) Blister Packaging i) Skin Packaging j) Tamper – Evidence Packaging k) Other
4. By Contents: a) Food Packaging b) Cosmetics Packaging c) Powder Packaging d) Toiletry Packaging e) Drug Packaging f) Liquid Packaging g) Clothing Packaging h) Dangerous Packaging i) Other
5. By Materials Rigid Packaging
Semi Rigid Packaging Flexible Packaging
1. Bottle, Metal Can 2. Wooden Box 3. Metal Box, etc 1. Carton Box 2. Plastic Bottle 1. Paper, Plastic 2. Film, Alu- Foil 3. Cellophane
Functions of Packages: Protective Function Convenient Function Psychological Function
Stocking (User, WareHouse), Image, Design,
Heat After Re-Use Productivity Water or Moisture
Indian Packaging Industry Market: 1. The...